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Table 5 Brain disease in patients infected with HIV

From: The prevalence of opportunistic infections and malignancies in autopsied patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Japan

Illness n % in total autopsied brains
   (n = 172)
Any illness 85 49.4%
Cytomegalovirus infection 45 26.1%
Malignant lymphoma 26 15.1%
HIV encephalopathy 21 12.2%
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy 8 4.7%
Toxoplasmosis 8 4.7%
Non-tuberculous mycobacterium infection 4 2.3%
Aspergillus infection 2 1.2%
Varicella zoster virus infection 2 1.2%
Herpes simplex virus infection 1 0.6%
Glioblastoma 1 0.6%
Candida infection 1 0.6%
  1. Because more than one illness was detected in patients, the numbers of all illness are greater than the total number.