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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients infected with HIV

From: The prevalence of opportunistic infections and malignancies in autopsied patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Japan

Factors Groupings Total patients ART (−) patients ART (+) patients Pvalue
   n % n % n %  
Total   225* 100% 136 100% 66 100%  
Sex Male 214 95.1% 128 94.1% 63 95.5% 0.695**
  Female 11 4.9% 8 5.9% 3 4.5%  
Age at death <10 years 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.028***
  11–20 2 0.9% 2 1.5% 0 0.0%  
  21–30 30 13.3% 22 16.2% 6 9.1%  
  31–40 60 26.7% 34 25.0% 19 28.8%  
  41–50 69 30.7% 48 35.3% 14 21.2%  
  51–60 34 15.1% 18 13.2% 14 21.2%  
  61–70 24 10.7% 10 7.4% 10 15.2%  
  71–80 5 2.2% 1 0.7% 3 4.5%  
  >81 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%  
  Unknown 1 0.4% 1 0.7% 0 0.0%  
Risk factor Homosexual 80 35.6% 52 38.2% 24 36.4% 0.800**
  Heterosexual 38 16.9% 24 17.6% 10 15.2%  
  Blood product 37 16.4% 29 21.3% 7 10.6%  
  Other 9 4.0% 5 3.7% 4 6.1%  
  Unknown 61 27.1% 26 19.1% 21 31.8%  
CD4 count before death <50 cells/μL 122 54.2% 80 58.8% 33 50.0% 0.639***
51–100 25 11.1% 11 8.1% 14 21.2%  
101–200 13 5.8% 4 2.9% 9 13.6%  
201–300 5 2.2% 5 3.7% 0 0.0%  
301–400 3 1.3% 1 0.7% 2 3.0%  
>401 4 1.8% 1 0.7% 3 4.5%  
  Unknown 53 23.6% 34 25.0% 5 7.6%  
  1. ART, antiretroviral therapy. ART (+) patients were defined as patients who received any ART during their lifetime, whereas ART (−) patients were as patients who did not receive any ART in their lifetime.
  2. *Total number of patients = 225 and included 23 patients with unknown ART status.
  3. **P values were calculated for the rates of male or homosexuals between ART (−) and (+) patients by Chi-square test.
  4. ***P values were calculated for age or CD4 counts between all ART (−) and (+) patients by Mann–Whitney U-test. Bold font indicates statistical significance.