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Table 2 Antibiotic treatment and surgical management of 61 patients with primary spondylodiscitis

From: Is switching to an oral antibiotic regimen safe after 2 weeks of intravenous treatment for primary bacterial vertebral osteomyelitis?

Characteristic   All patients
   n* %*
Procedure Surgery 26 43
  CT-guided drainage 3 5
Adequate empirical antibiotic therapy 47 83
Empirical therapy Amoxicillin-clavulanate 29 48
  Flucloxacillin 5 8
  Ceftriaxon 9 15
  Piperacillin-tazobactam 6 10
  Other beta-lactame antibiotics 5 8
  Ciprofloxacin 5 8
  Other 2 3
Switch to oral antibiotic treatment 43 72
Oral regimen Ciprofloxacin or other chinolone alone 15 35
  Ciprofloxacin and clindamycin 5 12
  Ciprofloxacin and rifampicin 11 26
  Clindamycin alone 3 7
  Other 9 21
Antibiotic regimen containing rifampicin 15 25
Median duration of total antibiotic therapy, IQR (days) 57 44–83
  1. *unless otherwise stated.