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Table 2 Prevalence of known enteropathogens

From: Unexplained diarrhoea in HIV-1 infected individuals

  Diarrhoea (n = 29) Non diarrhoea (n = 167) P-value*
Norovirus 34% (10) 7.8% (13) 0.0006
Astrovirus 0% (0) 0% (0) -
Adenovirus 0% (0) 0% (0) -
Sapovirus 10% (3) 0.6% (1) 0.02
Enterovirus 10% (3) 3.0% (5) 0.20
Rotavirus 0% (0) 0% (0) -
Parechovirus 0% (0) 0% (0) -
HIV-1 in stool 66% (19) 45% (75) 0.06
Mycobacterium 3.4% (1) 0% (0) 0.29
Salmonella 3.4% (1) 0% (0) 0.29
Shigella 0% (0) 0% (0) -
Yersinia 0% (0) 0% (0) -
Clostridium diff 0% (0) 0.6% (1) 0.99
Campylobacter 10% (3) 3.0% (5) 0.20
Microsporidia 6.9% (2) 4.2% (7) 0.79
Giardia lamblia 3.4% (1) 0.6% (1) 0.55
Cryptosporidia 10% (3) 0.6% (1) 0.02
Pathogen negative 34% (10) 83% (139)  
  1. *P-values (Mid-P extract) in italics represent significant p-values for associating with diarrhoea.