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Table 1 Demographic data of the study population

From: Unexplained diarrhoea in HIV-1 infected individuals

  All (n = 196) Diarrhoea (n = 29) No diarrhoea (n = 167)
Age, mean (SD) 41 (7) 41 (7) 41 (7)
Male 93% (183) 97% (28) 93% (155)
Female 7% (13) 3% (1) 7% (12)
CD4 count, mean (IQR) 1 0.17 (0.04-0.29) 0.11 (0.01-0.20) 0.18 (0.04-0.29)
CDC stage 2    
1 22% (43) 9% (4) 91% (39)
2 29% (56) 13% (7) 88% (49)
3 49% (97) 19% (18) 81% (79)
Risk group    
Homosexual 85% (166) 17% (28) 83% (138)
Heterosexual 11% (21) 5% (1) 95% (20)
Haemophiliac 1% (2) 0% (0) 100% (2)
Intravenous drug use 4% (7) 0% (0) 100% (7)
Blood transfusion 1% (1) 0% (0) 100% (1)
HIV-1 SI phenotype 32% (62) 21% (13) 79% (49)
P24 antigen in serum 16% (32) 3% (1) 97% (31)
HIV-1 RNA load >4.9 × 10 4 copies/ml 51% (99) 19% (19) 81% (80)
  1. 1IQR = inter quartile range.
  2. 2Stage 1: symptom free, 2: AIDS related symptoms that were not AIDS defining, 3: AIDS defining illness according to the CDC classification [30].