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Table 1 Comparison of demographics, select comorbidities, and outpatient visit characteristics in patients with HIV/HCV, HIV, and HCV

From: Differences in outpatient care and treatment utilization for patients with HIV/HCV coinfection, HIV, and HCV monoinfection, a cross-sectional study

Characteristic HIV/HCV coinfection HIV monoinfection HCV monoinfection P-value
No. of Unweighted Observations 200 1992 829  
No. of Visits in 1000s (95% CI) 859 (422–1296) 7,926 (4,772–11081) 2,567 (1658–3476) <0.001
Proportion of Study Visits 8% 70% 22%  
Patient demographics - - -  
Age (years), mean (95% CI) 46.4 (43.1–49.7) 42.9 (41.6–44.2) 50.4 (49.0–51.9) <0.001
Gender - - - <0.001
 Male (%) 64 68 59 -
 Female (%) 36 32 41 -
Race/ethnicity (%) - - - <0.001
 White 31 25 56 -
 African-American 49 50 29 -
 Hispanic 18 23 11 -
 Other 1 2 4 -
Geographic region (%) - - - <0.001
 Northeast 30 26 28 -
 Midwest 11 18 9 -
 West 7 12 10 -
 South 52 43 53 -
Insurance status (%) - - - 0.051
 Private 4 16 23 -
 Medicare 20 16 14 -
 Medicaid 45 43 31 -
 Other/unknown 11 11 10 -
 Self-pay 3 4 8 -
 No Charge 17 9 14 -
Comorbidities - - - -
Chronic Renal Failure (%) <1 3 5 <0.001
Depression (%) 32 23 24 <0.001
Diabetes (%) 9 10 17 <0.001
Current Tobacco Use (%) - - - <0.001
 Yes 40 27 30 -
 No 28 28 38 -
 Unknown 32 45 32 -
Visit characteristics - - - -
Established Patient (%) 94 93 83 <0.001
Patient’s Primary Care Physician/Provider (%) - - - <0.001
 Yes 48 36 35 -
 No 49 58 60 -
 Unknown 3 6 5 -
Providers Seen (%) - - - -
 Physician 81 79 80 0.5
 RN/LPN 63 64 54 <0.001
 Nurse practitioner/midwife 14 13 14 0.2
 Physician assistant 4 4 4 0.6
 Other 23 25 20 <0.001