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Table 2 Recommended areas for further work on school closures by authorities

From: School closures during the 2009 influenza pandemic: national and local experiences

Area Description
Pandemic planning Ensure that school closures (as a public health intervention or due to large absenteeism in schools) is included in generic pandemic planning.
Triggers Agree on triggers for proactive and reactive closures in a pandemic and how they would be operated at the local level.
National decision making Prepare arrangements for national decision-making on school closures and how adjoining counties would apply these.
Mitigating adverse effects Develop arrangements for mitigating the adverse impact of school closures notably for alternative care arrangements and continuing education.
Special schools Consider how special schools would be included in these arrangements.
Communication Develop communication plans and materials for school staff, parents and the media.
Local planning Ensure there are robust local plans for closures across complex school systems and exercise these plans on occasions for pandemic and other emergencies (such as extreme weather).
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