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Table 1 Summary table

From: School closures during the 2009 influenza pandemic: national and local experiences

  Bulgaria China England France Hong Kong Italy Japan New York New Zealand Serbia South Africa Thailand USA
Were school closures discussed in pre-pandemic plans prior to A(H1N1)pdm09? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shall school closures be used according to pre-pandemic plans? Yes Maybe Maybe Maybe Maybe Maybe Yes Maybe Maybe Maybe Maybe Yes Maybe
Recommendations MoH for national closures. Local health authorities for local closures. MoH and MoE Advice given by Scientific Advisory Committee for Emergencies and Government Departments (Health, Children) MoE led, with MoH and of Interior MoH MoH and MoE MoE led, with MoH NYC health authorities MoH MoH MoE led, with MoH MoH CDC (in consultation with MoE and other partners)
Who made the recommendations about school closures during A(H1N1)pdm09?
Decision making              
Who made the decision to close schools during A(H1N1)pdm09? MoE for national closures. Local Education boards for local closures Local government (MoH and MoE) School headmaster in consultation with local public health officials Local representative of State Chief executive (equivalent of prime minister) Local health authorities in agreement with the headmaster Local authorities during initial phase. School principal later on NYC health authorities in consultation with DoE for public schools; private schools made their own decision. Local health authorities during containment period. School boards during mitigation period MoE Local government (local MoH and MoE) School principal Local/State Health Departments in collaboration with local school authorities
Type of closure              
School closure is standard policy during seasonal epidemics? Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No No No
Were schools closed pro-actively during A(H1N1)pdm09? Yes No No No Yes No Yes No No Yes No No No
Was there a policy of closing schools reactively? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Only from April 28th 2009 to May 5th 2009
  1. MoE: Ministry of Education or equivalent; MoH: Ministry of Health or equivalent; DoE: Department of Education.