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Table 2 Patients showing high or low risk for a probiotic-induced sepsis

From: Do children’s upper respiratory tract infections benefit from probiotics?

Type of risk Patients
High Immunocompromised patients
  Premature neonates
Low Patients with a central venous catheter
  Patients receiving probiotics by jejunostomy
  Patients concomitantly receiving broad spectrum antibiotics to which the probiotic is resistant
  Patients receiving probiotics with high mucosal adhesion properties or showing an established pathogenicity
  Patients with cardiac valvular disease (for Lactobacillus probiotics only)
  1. The presence in the same patients of a single major or more than one minor risk factor dictates caution when using probiotics.