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Table 4 Associations of health systems’ delay with sociodemographic and clinical factors among TB patients attending Felegehiwot Referral Hospital in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

From: Time to first consultation, diagnosis and treatment of TB among patients attending a referral hospital in Northwest, Ethiopia

Variable N (%) Delayed (%) Crude odds ratio 95% CI Adjusted odds ratio 95% CI
Sex     
 Male 124 (61,7) 84 (67.7) 1 1
 Female 77 (38.3) 48 (62.3) 0.8 (0.4, 1.4) 0.8 (0.3, 1.7)
Age     
 15-34 133 (66.2) 87 (65.4) 1 1
 35-54 53 (26.4) 34 (64.2) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8) 0.9 (0.4, 2.7)
 >55 14 (7.0) 10 (71.4) 1.3 (0.4, 4.5) 0.5 (0.1, 2.7)
Marriage     
 Married 113 (56.2) 76 (67.3) 1 1
 Single 66 (32.8) 44 (66.7) 0.9 (0.5, 1.9) 0.7 (0.2, 1.8)
 Widowed 7 (3.5) 3 (42.9) 0.4 (0.1, 1.7) 0.9 (0.1, 7.7)
 Divorced 15 (7.5) 9 (60.0) 2.1 (0.2, 2.2) 1.0 (0.2, 4.3)
Residence     
 Urban 86 (42.8) 43 (50.0) 1 1
 Rural 115 (57.2) 89 (77.4) 3.4 (1.9, 6.3)* 2.2 (0.8, 6.0)
Education     
 Below 8th grade 135 (67.2) 94 (69.6) 1 1
 Secondary 32 (15.9) 19 (59.4) 0.6 (0.3, 1.4) 1.8 (0.5, 6.4)
 College and above 34 (16.9) 19 (55.9) 0.6 (0.3, 1.2) 0.8 (0.2, 2.6)
Employment     
 Peasants 87 (43.3) 66 (75.9) 1 1
 Civil servant 20 (10.0) 10 (50.0) 0.3 (0.1, 0.9)* 1.4 (0.2, 8.0)
 Others 94 (46.8) 56 (59.6) 0.5 (0.3, 0.8)* 2.2 (0.6, 7.7)
Income     
 Less than 300 birr§ 137 (68.2) 77 (64.2) 1 1
 Above 300 birr 64 (31.8) 55 (67.9) 0.7 (0.4, 1.4) 0.9 (0.4, 2.2)
 HIV serostatus
 Negative 128 (63.7) 94 (73.4) 1 1
 Positive 42 (20.9) 15 (35.7) 0.2 (0.1, 0.4)* 0.2 (0.1, 0.5)*
 Not known 31 (15.4) 23 (74.2) 1.0 (0.4, 14.4) 0.5 (0.1, 1.4)
Type of TB     
 Pulmonary 120 (59.7) 93 (67.9) 1 1
 Extrapulmonary 81 (40.3) 39 (60.9) 1.2 (0.7, 2.2) 0.8 (0.3, 1.7)
FHP visited     
 Hospital 55 (27.4) 18 (32.7) 1 1
 Health centre 65 (32.3) 47 (72.3) 5.4 (2.5, 11.7)* 5.1 (2.1, 12.5)*
 Private 36 (17.9) 23 (63.9) 3.6 (1.5, 8.7)* 3.5 (1.3, 9.7)*
 Health post 45 (22.4) 44 (97.8) 90.4 (11.5, 710.0)* 109 (12, 958)*
  1. §300Birr = USD 16.
  2. *significantly associated.