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Table 3 Hazard ratios for bacteraemia for underlying medical conditions, total use of inpatient care and socio-economic position before inclusion

From: Increased incidence of invasive bacterial disease in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease compared to the general population-a population based cohort study

  Univariate HR (95% CI)1 Multivariate HR (95% CI)2
COPD 2.8 (2.5- 3.0) 2.5 (2.2-2.7)
Diabetes mellitus 2.4 (2.0-2.8) 1.7 (1.4-2.0)
Kidney failure 7.7 (5.0-11.8) 4.7 (3.0-7.5)
Cardiac disease3 1.7 (1.5-1.9) 1.2 (1.0-1.3)
Alcohol-related disease 2.0 (1.5-2.7) 1.2 (0.9-1.6)
Liver failure 2.7 (2.0-3.5) 2.3 (1.4-3.7)
Connective tissue disease 2.9 (1.8-4.6) 1.8 (1.4-2.4)
Immunodeficiency 3.8 (2.1-6.7) 1.8 (1.0-3.3)
Solid cancer 1.5 (1.2-1.8) 1.3 (1.1-1.6)
Hemathological cancer 5.6 (3.5-8.8) 4.7 (2.9-7.5)
Total days in hospital4 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.0)
Total no. of discharges, all diagnoses5 1.6 (1.5-1.7) 1.2 (1.1-1.3)
Socio-economic position   
Non-manual 1 1
Manual 1.2 (1.1-1-4) 1.1 (0.9-1.3)
Other 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 1.1 (1.0-1.3)
Missing 1.4 (1.2-1.7) 1.3 (1.1-1-5)
  1. 1- Hazard ratio of time to first bloodstream infection, having the condition compared to not having the condition, estimated by Cox regression using time since inclusion as the time scale and stratified for age, year of birth and gender; 2- Adjusted for all of the variables in the column; 3-Ischeamic heart disease or heart failure.4-Per 10-days increment; 5-Per increment of ten hospitalizations.