Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Demographic characteristics and underlying diseases among 35 cases of listeriosis[1]

From: Emergence of sporadic non-clustered cases of hospital-associated listeriosis among immunocompromised adults in southern Taiwan from 1992 to 2013: effect of precipitating immunosuppressive agents

  All (n = 35) Community-associated (n = 23) Hospital-associated (n = 12) p-value
Age, median years (range) 61 (20–87) 64 (29–87) 68 (21–81) 0.29
Male sex (%) 18 (51.4) 11 (47.8) 7 (58.3) 0.56
Diabetes mellitus (%) 10 (28.6) 8 (34.8) 2 (16.7) 0.43
Chronic kidney disease (%) 12 (34.3) 10 (43.4) 2 (16.7) 0.15
Hematologic malignancy (%) 5 (14.3) 2 (8.6) 3 (25.0) 0.31
Solid tumor (%) 12 (28.6) 4 (17.4) 6 (50) 0.06
Autoimmune disease (%) 8 (22.9) 6 (26.1) 2 (16.7) 0.69
Immunosuppressive agents (%) 18 (51.4) 7 (30.4) 11 (91.7) < 0.01
Long-term immunosuppressive agentsa (%) 8 (22.9) 7 (30.4) 1 (8.3) 0.22
Precipitating immunosuppressive agentsb (%) 12 (34.3) 1 (4.3) 11 (91.7) < 0.01
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (%) 3 (8.6) 1 (4.3) 2 (16.7) 0.27
Liver cirrhosis (%) 6 (17.1) 5 (21.7) 1 (8.3) 0.64
Peptic ulcer disease (%) [32] 7 (20) 7 (30.4) 0 0.07
  1. Data are no. (%) of patients, unless otherwise indicated.
  2. aThese included corticosteroids alone in 5; corticosteroids plus a biological agent in 1; and corticosteroids plus azathioprine in 2.
  3. bThese included high doses of corticosteroids and chemotherapy.