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Table 1 Results of the rapid urine test (RUT) performed by the general practitioner compared to urine analysis at the central laboratory

From: Antibiotic treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis based on rapid urine test and local epidemiology: lessons from a primary care series

RUT results Urine analysis
  Leukocyturiaa Bacteriuria
   at standard thresholdsb at reduced thresholdsc
L+ / N + (n = 74) 73 (99%) 61 (82%) 70 (95%)
58 Enterobacteriaceae 62 Enterobacteriaceae
3 S. saprophyticus 4 S. saprophyticus
5 miscellaneous
L- / N- (n = 37) 9 (24%) 3 (8%) 6 (16%)
3 Enterobacteriaceae 6 Enterobacteriaceae
2 miscellaneous
L+ / N- (n = 229) 216 (94%) 128 (56%) 189 (83%)
114 Enterobacteriaceae 162 Enterobacteriaceae
9 S. saprophyticus 11 S. saprophyticus
9 miscellaneous 18 miscellaneous
L- / N + (n = 7) 7 (100%) 7 (100%) 7 (100%)
6 Enterobacteriaceae 6 Enterobacteriaceae
2 S. saprophyticus 2 S. saprophyticus
2 miscellaneous  
Total (n = 347) 305 (88%) 199 (57%) 272 (78%)
178 Enterobacteriaceae (89%) 236 Enterobacteriaceae (85%)
14 S. saprophyticus (7%) 17 S. saprophyticus (6%)
11 miscellaneous (5%) 25 miscellaneous (9%)
  1. aLeukocyturia >104/mL considered significant.
  2. bStandard thresholds: ≥103 CFU/mL for Enterobacteriaceae and S. saprophyticus, ≥105 CFU/mL for other pathogens.
  3. cReduced thresholds: ≥102 CFU/mL for Enterobacteriaceae and S. saprophyticus, ≥104 CFU/mL for other pathogens.