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Table 3 Patient delay and health system delay among retreatment TB cases, by background characteristics, Malawi, 2011

From: Patient and health system delays in the diagnosis and treatment of new and retreatment pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Malawi

   Patient delay (days) Health system delay (days)
n Median IQR   Median IQR  
Total 128 14.0 7-21   40.5 22-91  
Sex        
  Male 84 14.0 7-25   40.5 21-98  
  Female 44 14.0 7-21   41.0 22-84  
Age at diagnosis (years)        
  < 34 55 14.0 7-21   43.0 24-93  
  ≥ 34 73 14.0 7-28   39.0 21-88  
Education        
  No school 17 14.0 14-28   62.0 21-95  
  Primary 66 14.0 7-29   40.5 22-93  
  Secondary & above 45 14.0 7-21   40.0 21-83  
Occupation        
  Unemployed 51 14.0 7-28   43.0 27-82  
  Self-employed 55 14.0 7-21   39.0 19-113  
  Employed 22 14.0 7-21   39.5 19-104  
Distance to nearest TB diagnostic facility     
  0 – 10 Km 86 14.0 7-21   47.5 23-95  
  >10 Km 30 21.0 14-28   25.5 17-54  
  Unknown 12 17.5 9-30   74.0 42-102  
Heard of TB before diagnosis      
  Yes 128 14.0 7-21   40.5 22-91  
  No 0 - -   - -  
Knowledge of coughing > 3 weeks as a TB symptom     
  Yes 82 21.0 14-30 * 40.0 22-92  
  No 23 14.0 7-28 * 41.5 20-107  
Perceiving condition as worsening      
  Yes 23 14.0 7-28   41.0 19-73  
  No 105 14.0 7-21   40.0 22-93  
Health facility first visited       
  Hospital 92 14.0 7-21   38.0 22-71 *
  Health centre 19 21.0 14-30   43.0 17-130 *
  Drug store& traditional 12 14.0 14-28   123.5 85-189 *
  Private clinic 5 7.0 7-14   76.0 18-133 *
Smear        
  Positive 87 14.0 7-28 38.0 16-79 *
  Negative 21 14.0 7-25 59.0 30-162 *
  Unknown/ not done 20 14.0 7-20 68.5 28-97 *
  1. Note: Using nonparametric Kruskal Wallis test, IQR = interquartile range.
  2. * p < 0.05.