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Table 3 Association of explanatory variables with HIV infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Bahir Dar city, 2013 (n = 318)

From: Sero-prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus infection among pregnant women in Bahir Dar city, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Variables HIV status COR (CI) AOR (CI) P- value
  Positive N (%) Negative N (%)    
History of piercing with sharp materials    3.7 (1.52-9.24)** 3.0 (1.17-7.80) 0.02
Yes 10 (14.7) 58 (85.3)    
No 11 (4.4) 239 (95.6)    
History of tooth extraction    1.9 (0.71-5.21)* 0.5 (0.14-1.99) 0.35
Yes 6 (10.5) 51(89.5)    
No 15 (5.7) 246 (94.3)    
Tooth tattooing    3.1 (1.24-7.68)** 1.4 (0.51-4.32) 0.47
Yes 9 (13.4) 58 (86.6)    
No 12 (4.8) 239 (95.2)    
History of surgery    6.5(2.39-18.04)*** 2.5 (0.76-8.67) 0.12
Yes 7 (25.0) 21 (75.0)    
No 14 (4.8) 276 (95.2)    
History of abortion    7.8 (3.01-20.28)*** 6.6 (2.50-17.71) 0.001
Yes 9 (25.7) 58 (74.3)    
No 12 (4.2) 271 (95.8)    
Ear pricing    2.9 (0.83-10.11)* 1.9 (0.51-7.06) 0.33
Positive 18 (8.3) 200 (91.7)    
Negative 3 (3.0) 97 (97.0)    
  1. Key: COR (crude odds ratio), AOR (adjusted odds ratio).
  2. ***P-value <0.001, **0.05 < p-value >0.001, *0.2 ≤ p-value >0.05.