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Table 5 Factors associated with parents’ behavior of self-medicating children with antibiotics

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of parents in rural China on the use of antibiotics in children: a cross-sectional study

Factors Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio* (95% CI)
Female 1.078(0.916-1.268) 1.048(0.867-1.268)
Age of parents, yrs. 1.015(0.994-1.036) 1.005(0.978-1.033)
Living in villages 1.207(0.911-1.600) 1.643(1.108-2.436)**
Education   
Primary school 0.607(0.218-1.694) 0.191(0.049-0.754)
Secondary school 1.738(1.220-2.476) 1.072(0.636-1.807)
High school 1.260(0.868-1.828) 1.012(0.619-1.654)
College or above Reference Reference
Has medical insurance 1.165(0.707-1.920) 0.941(0.515-1.719)
Age of children, yrs. 1.214(1.106-1.332) 1.146(1.037-1.266)**
More than one child 2.595(1.936-3.479) 2.174(1.485-3.183)**
Score of questions on knowledge of antibiotics 0.956(0.909-1.005) 1.002(0.938-1.071)
Believes it is reasonable to self-medicate children with antibiotics. 2.243(1.608-3.127) 1.158(0.759-1.768)
Would be dissatisfied if physicians rejected their request for antibiotics 1.339(0.918-1.952) 1.259(0.784-2.023)
Would follow all the advice from physicians 0.743(0.562-0.983) 0.639(0.451-0.906)**
Once purchased antibiotics without physicians’ prescription 8.469(5.868-12.222) 6.264(4.144-9.469)**
Sometimes, often or always stores antibiotics at home 4.345(3.230-5.845) 2.792(1.961-3.975)**
  1. *Adjusted odds ratio from multiple logistic regression analysis.
  2. **Statistically significant P < 0.05.