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Table 2 Parents’ responses to questions related to knowledge of antibiotic use

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of parents in rural China on the use of antibiotics in children: a cross-sectional study

Questions Correct response P
Central towns no. (%) Villages no. (%)
Basic concepts    
1. Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are the same drugs. 180(37) 117(31) .065
2. Antibiotics can cure infections caused by virus. 102(21) 77(21) .841
3. Antibiotics should only be obtained with a doctor’ prescription. 309(64) 246(66) .603
Indications of antibiotic use    
4. Antibiotics should be administered in all cases, once a child has fever. 346(72) 247(66) .072
5. If a child suffers from a cough, running nose, and a sore throat, it will be cured more quickly if he/she receives antibiotic as early as possible. 264(55) 162(43) .001
6. In most cases, it is not necessary to treat a common cold with antibiotics. 360(75) 241(65) .001
7. Taking antibiotics in advance can protect children from a common cold. 301(63) 185(50) < .001
Administration of antibiotics    
8. Administration of multiple antibiotics has better effects than a single one. 278(58) 201(54) .254
9. The more expensive the antibiotic, the more effective it will be. 417(87) 298(80) .008
10. Antibiotics should be withdrawn as soon as the symptoms disappear. 191(40) 137(37) .375
Antibiotic resistance and side effects    
11. Overuse of antibiotics increases the risk of antibiotic resistance. 326(68) 212(57) .001
12. Antibiotics do not have side effects. 361(75) 239(64) .001
13. Scientists can always produce new antibiotics. 89(19) 31(8) < .001
14. It is dangerous to children if pathogens become resistant to antibiotics. 290(60) 173(46) < .001