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Table 2 Percentage of isolates expressing resistance for Salmonella sp , Shigella flexneri and S. sonnei , according to the type of patient inclusion

From: Antimicrobial resistance of bacterial enteropathogens isolated from stools in Madagascar

Species Isolated from (patient age) Number of strains Amx AMC CF TIC SXT
    N % N % N % N % N %
S. flexneri PIM* (> = 5 years) 34 29 (85) 18 (53) 17 (50) 29 (85) 24 (71)
PIM (<5 years) 39 36 (92) 25 (69) 25 (69) 36 (92) 30 (77)
  Transversal Study (<5 yrs) 26 23 (88) 6 (23) 6 (23) 23 (88) 26 (100)
  p-value   0.63 0.04 0.05 0.63 <0.01
S. sonnei PIM (> = 5 years) 26 2 (8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (8) 21 (81)
PIM (<5 years) 13 1 (8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (8) 13 (100)
  Transversal study (<5 yrs) 3 2 (67) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (67) 3 (100)
  p-value   0.03 —— —— 0.03 0.17
Salmonella sp PIM (> = 5 years) 29 11 (38) 1 (3) 1 (3) 11 (38) 0 (0)
PIM (<5 years) 26 18 (69) 4 (15) 4 (15) 18 (69) 2 (8)
Transversal study (<5 yrs) 29 1 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (3) 1 (3)
  p-value   <0.01 0.04 0.04 <0.01 0.30
  1. *PIM: Pasteur Institute of Madagascar.