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Table 2 Outcomes of pulmonary actinomycosis after treatment with antibiotics alone or with initial surgery followed by antibiotics

From: Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors in patients with pulmonary actinomycosis

  Initial antibiotics treatment Initial surgical treatment Total P value
(n = 53) (n = 15) (n = 68)
Treatment outcome     P = 1.000
 Cured 45 (84.9) 14 (93.3) 59 (86.8)  
 Failure 5 (9.4) 1 (6.7) 6 (8.8)  
 Relapse 3 (5.7) 0 (0.0) 3 (4.4)  
Number of patients treated with IV antibiotics 23 (43.4) 15 (100.0) 38 (55.9) P < 0.001
Duration of antibiotics     
 IV antibiotics, day 6 (2–19) 8 (3–21) 7 (2–21) P = 0.022
 Oral antibiotics, month 5.4 (1.2-14.0) 5.1 (0.4-15.7) 5.3 (0.4-15.7) P = 0.363