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Table 1 Knowledge about HCV infection in HDU

From: Healthcare workers and prevention of hepatitis C virus transmission: exploring knowledge, attitudes and evidence-based practices in hemodialysis units in Italy

  Correct answer
  N %
Knowledge
Transmission patterns
Hugging an HCV-positive individual (313) 311 99.4
Receiving a blood transfusion from an infected donor (313) 294 93.9
Ingestion of HCV-contaminated food (313) 291 93.0
Having sex with an HCV-positive partner (313) 286 91.4
Sharing needles while injecting drugs (313) 284 90.7
Kissing an HCV-positive individual (313) 277 88.5
Getting a tattoo (313) 253 80.8
Being born to an HCV-positive mother (313) 230 73.5
HCV prevention
Avoid sharing razors or toothbrushes (309) 305 98.7
Avoid pregnancy (309) 290 93.9
Avoid kidney transplant (309) 288 93.2
Use a condom when having sex (309) 284 91.9
Avoid breastfeeding (309) 243 78.6
HCV seropositivity
Include routine serologic testing for HBV and HCV infections in medical record (323) 318 98.4
Perform testing for HCV when patient first start hemodialysis (317) 311 98.1
Perform testing for HCV for hemodialysis patients periodically (311) 305 98.1
Include vaccination against HBV in medical record (316) 309 97.8
Include previous bloodstream infections in medical record (280) 228 81.4
Do not isolate HCV-infected patients (316) 96 30.4
Use dedicated dialysis machines for HCV infected patients (321) 30 9.4