Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of 1024 patients on ART

From: Survival on antiretroviral treatment among adult HIV-infected patients in Nepal: a retrospective cohort study in far-western Region, 2006–2011

Characteristics Number of patients (%)a Number of deaths (%)b
Sex   
Female 500 (48.8%) 21 (4.2%)
Male 524 (51.2%) 99 (18.9%)
Age (years)   
15 – 32 years 338 (33.0%) 27 (8.0%)
33 – 40 years 401 (39.2%) 52 (13.0%)
>40 years 285 (27.8%) 41 (14.4%)
Education   
Illiterate 650 (73.5%) 69 (10.6%)
Literate 234 (26.5%) 35 (15.0%)
Missing data 140 (13.6%)  
Baseline performance scale   
Normal 732 (73.1%) 45 (6.1%)
Bedridden <50% 182 (18.2%) 44 (24.2%)
Bedridden >50% 87 (8.7%) 28 (32.2%)
Missing data 23 (2.2%)  
Baseline bodyweight ( kg)   
< 45 Kg 484 (49.1%) 58 (12.0%)
45 – 60 Kg 479 (48.6%) 49 (10.2%)
>60 Kg 23 (2.3%) 2 (8.7%)
Missing data 38 (3.7%)  
Baseline WHO clinical stage   
Stage I or II 320 (34.2%) 10 (3.1%)
Stage III 455 (48.6%) 63 (13.8%)
Stage IV 161 (17.2%) 41 (25.5%)
Missing data 88 (8.6%)  
Baseline CD4 count (cells/ mm 3 )   
≤ 50 cells/mm3 127 (13.6%) 19 (15.0%)
51- 200 cells/mm3 533 (57.1%) 69 (13.0%)
>200 cells/mm3 274 (29.3%) 14 (5.1%)
Missing data 90 (8.8%)  
Drug toxicity/ side effects   
No 788 (80.9%) 83 (10.5%)
Yes 186 (19.1%) 31 (16.7%)
Missing data 50 (4.9%)  
Active TB during treatment   
No 856 (83.6%) 89 (10.4%)
Yes 168 (16.4%) 31 (18.5%)
Baseline ART regimen #   
d4T/3TC/NVP 151 (14.8%) 26 (17.2%)
d4T/3TC/EFV 44 (4.3%) 7 (16.0%)
ZDV/3TC/NVP 702 (69.0%) 64 (9.1%)
ZDV/3TC/EFV 118 (11.6%) 20 (17.0%)
TDF/3TC/EFV 3 (0.3%) 0
Missing data 6 (0.6%)  
Baseline ART regimen change   
No 760 (74.2%) 78 (10.3%)
Yes 264 (25.8%) 42 (16.0%)
ART centre/ sub centre   
Seti Zonal hospital 590 (57.6%) 51 (8.6%)
Kanchanpur Zonal hospital 70 (6.8%) 13 (18.6%)
Achham District hospital 176 (17.2%) 24 (13.6%)
Doti district hospital 176 (17.2%) 32 (18.2%)
Tikapur hospital 12 (1.2%) 0
  1. acolumn percentage (missing data was excluded);.
  2. brow percentage;.
  3. #all regimen were first line ART regimen.
  4. Note: missing data refers to incomplete/missing recorded characteristics of patients.