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Table 3 Watery diarrhea risk factors among children less than five years old in Kadoma City, Zimbabwe, 2011

From: Risk factors for contracting watery diarrhoea in Kadoma City, Zimbabwe, 2011: a case control study

Factor   Cases Controls Odds ratio p value
n = 109 (%) n = 109 (%) (95% CI)
Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months Yes 38(38) 58(56) 0.47(0.27-0.82) 0.01
No 63(62) 45(44)   
Always use municipal water source Yes 17(16) 37(34) 0.36(0.19-0.69) 0.03
No 92(84 72(66)   
Fetch water outside family home Yes 9(8) 21(20) 2.7(1.11-6.79) 0.03
No 100(91) 86(80)   
Distance of water source from home >100 m 52(55) 35(40) 1.84(1.02-3.32) 0.06
<100 m 42(45) 52(60)   
Use of chlorine containing tablets Yes 60(55) 75(69) 0.55(0.31-0.95) 0.04
No 49(45) 34(31)   
Prepare water by boiling Yes 20(18) 34(31) 0.47(0.35-0.89) 0.03
No 89(82) 75(69)   
Store water in bucket with lid Yes 94(86) 104(95) 0.30(0.11-0.86) 0.03
No 15(14) 5(5)   
Hand washing facility at home Yes 74(71) 90(84) 0.47(0.04-0.91) 0.03
No 30(29) 17(16)   
Hand washing in a single bowl Yes 33(30) 14(13 2.95(1.47-5.89) 0.002
No 76(70) 95(87)   
Garbage near home Yes 32(30) 19(18) 1.98(1.04-3.77) 0.05
No 75(70) 88(82)   
Flies near home Yes 61(57) 46(43) 1.76(1.02-3.02) 0.05
No 46(43) 61(57)