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Table 4 Results of multivariable regression modeling of associations with in-hospital death

From: Profile of infective endocarditis observed from 2003 - 2010 in a single center in Italy

VARIABLE AOR (95% CI) p value
Age in 10 y intervals 1.26 (0.95-1.69) 0.1
Female sex 0.60 (0.20-1.78) 0.4
PVE early recurrence 0.88 (0.30-2.59) 0.8
PVE late recurrence 2.12 (0.80-5.58) 0.1
Intravenous drug use 0.60 (0.14-2.57) 0.5
Health care associated IE 3.35 (1.27-8.78) 0.01
CoNS – associated IE 0.50 (0.09-2.78) 0.4
Staphylococcus aureus 3.83 (0.95-15.44) 0.058
Viridans group streptococci 1.26 (0.33-4.77) 0.7
Others* 1.98 (0.58-6.80) 0.3
Mitral valve involvement 1.33 (0.53-3.30) 0.5
Complications** 5.58 (1.79-17.31) 0.003
Surgery 0.38 (0.16-0.94) 0.04
  1. CoNS, Coagulase-negative staphilococci; MSSA, Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus; MRSA, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; PVE, prosthetic valve endocarditis.
  2. *Others: Enterococcus spp, Fungi/Yeast, Gram-negative bacteria, polymicrobial.
  3. **Complications: heart failure, renal failure, stroke, non stroke embolization, intracardiac abscess, septic shock, arrhythmias.