Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis for patient delay

From: Delayed diagnosis and associated factors among new pulmonary tuberculosis patients diagnosed at the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Porto Alegre, South Brazil: a prospective patient recruitment study

Characteristics Group 1 (≥30 days) Group 2 (<30 days)   Univariate analysis    Logistic regression  
    OR 95% CI p Adjusted OR 95% CI p
Age, years (mean ± SD) 44.8 ± 16.0 40.2 ± 15.0 0.98 0.96-1.01 0.069 1.03 0.99-1.05 0.064
Male sex, n (%) 51 (64.6) 39 (52.7) 1.28 0.92-1.78 0.185 1.02 0.48-2.20 0.960
White race, n (%) 42 (53.2) 46 (62.2) 0.84 0.62-1.14 0.336    
< 8 years schooling, n (%) 41 (51.9) 40 (54.1) 0.96 0.71-1.30 0.916    
Literate, n (% sim) 73 (92.4) 68 (91.9) 1.04 0.58-1.86 0.999    
Living alone, n (%) 17 (21.5) 13 (17.6) 1.12 0.79-1.61 0.681    
Belief in a religion, n (%) 65 (82.3) 61 (82.4) 1.00 0.66-1.49 0.999    
Monthly household income < 1 standard minimum wage*, n (%) 28 (35.4) 23 (31.1) 1.10 0.80-1.51 0.689    
Living in Porto Alegre, n (%) 49 (62.0) 52 (70.3) 0.84 0.62-1.14 0.365    
Institutionalization, n (%) 13 (16.5) 10 (13.5) 1.22 0.57-2.61 0.778    
Current or former smoker 56 (70.9) 42 (56.8) 1.35 0.99-1.87 0.099 0.72 0.34-1.55 0.397
Alcoholism, n (%) 27 (34.2) 26 (35.1) 0.98 0.71-1.36 1.000    
Drug use, n (%) 32 (40.5) 18 (24.3) 1.40 1.04-4.25 0.05 1.68 0.73-3.88 0.225
Marijuana use, n (%) 16 (20.3) 13 (17.6) 1.09 0.75-1.57 0.828    
Cocaine use, n (%) 22 (27.8) 5 (6.8) 1.80 1.38-2,34 0.001 6.68 1.54-28.9 0.011
Crack use, n (%) 25 (31.6) 10 (13.5) 1.56 1.17-2.08 0.013 4.88 1.05-22.74 0.043
Symptoms, n (%)         
Cough 70 (88.6) 63 (85.1) 1.17 0.70-1.95 0.692    
Night sweats 55 (69.6) 47 (63.5) 1.15 0.81-1.61 0.529    
Fever 65 (82.3) 60 (81.1) 1.04 0.69-1.56 0.999    
Sputum production 56 (70.9) 42 (56.8) 1.37 0.96-1.95 0.099    
Hemoptysis 16 (20.3) 9 (12.2) 1.30 0.93-1.83 0.257    
Weight loss 62 (78.5) 55 (74.3) 1.12 0.76-1.65 0.678    
Dyspnea 52 (65.8) 43 (58.1) 1.17 0.85-1.64 0.414    
Chest pain 41 (51.9) 29 (39.2) 1.28 0.94-1.74 0.157    
Fatigue 32 (40.5) 21 (28.4) 1.29 0.95-1.74 0.160    
HIV positive, n (%) 41 (64.1) 36 (58.1) 1.14 0.79-1.63 0.612    
Non-HIV immunosuppression, n (%) 12 (15.2) 10 (13.5) 1.07 0.70-1.62 0.948    
Sought care elsewhere before hospitalization, n (%) 65 (82.3) 48 (64.9) 1.64 1.05-2.58 0.023    
Previous TB, n (%) 16 (20.3) 8 (10.8) 1.37 0.98-1.91 0.167    
Completed treatment, n (%) 8 (50.0) 6 (75.0) 0.72 0.41-1.14 0.388    
Knows someone with TB, n (%) 41 (51.9) 36 (48.6) 1.07 0.78-1.45 0.810    
  1. TB = Tuberculosis; SD = Standard deviation, n = Number of cases, HIV = Human immunodeficiency virus.
  2. *Approximately U$ 312 (2013).