Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Results population-based studies reporting prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis for both men and women

From: Chlamydia prevalence in the general population: is there a sex difference? a systematic review

Authors (publication year) [Reference] Overall Men Women Prevalence difference by sex (p or OR) Calculated risk difference by sex (M-F) 95% CI
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Valkengoed (2000)[31] NS 2.4 (1.7-3.0) 2.8 (2.2-3.4) NS −0.4 −1.31 ; 0.51
Fenton (2001)[32] NS 2.2 (1.5-3.2) 1.5 (1.1-2.1) NS 0.7 −0.21 ; 1.62
Obasi (2001)[33] 1.8 (NS) 1.0 (0.8-1.4) 2.4 (2.3-2.9) OR 2.4 (NS) −1.4 −1.92 ; -0.88†
Turner(2002)[34] 3.0 (SE 0.8) 1.6 (NS) 4.3 (NS) NS −2.7 −5.38 ; -0.02†
Miller (2004)[35] 4.2 (3.5-4.9) 3.7 (2.9-4.6) 4.7 (3.9-5.7) OR 1.3(1.0-1.6) −1.0 −1.66 ; -0.34†
Joyee (2004)[36] 1.1 (0.5-1.7) 1.2 (0.4-2.0) 1.1 (0.5-1.7) P > 0.05 0.1 −1.02 ; 1.22
Latif (2004)[37] 9.6 (NS) 9.0 (NS) 10.0 (NS) NS −1.0 −4.02 ; 2.02
Klavs (2004)[29] NS 3.0 (1.9-4.6) 1.6 (1.0-2.7) NS 1.4 −0.33 ; 3.13
Bergen (2005)[38] 2.0 (1.7-2.3) 1.5 (1.1-1.9) 2.5 (2.0-3.0) P < 0.001 −1.0 −1.60 ; -0.39†
Götz (2005)[39] 2.4 (2.1-2.8) 2.0 (1.4-2.7) 2.6 (2.2-3.2) OR 1.4; P = 0.08 −0.6 −1.38 ; 0.18
Macleod (2005)[40] 3.0 (2.3-3.9) 2.8 (2.2-3.4) 3.6 (3.1-4.9) NS −0.8 −1.81 ; 0.21
Low (2007)[19] NS 5.3 (4.4-6.3) 6.2 (4.9-7.8) NS −0.9 −2.51 ; 0.71
Deblina Datta (2007)[41] 2.2 (1.8-2.8) 2.0 (1.6-2.5) 2.5 (1.8-3.4) NS −0.5 −1.21 ; 0.21
Stein (2008)[42] NS 3.9 (3.1-4.8) 5.1 (4.2-6.0) NS −1.2 −1.98 ; -0.43†
Adams (2008)[43] 11.3 (8.4-14.2) 12.1 (7.7-16.5) 10.6 (6.7-14.5) P = 0.643 1.5 −4.75 ; 7.75
Uusküla (2008)[44] 5.4 (3.0-7.5)* 2.7 (0.3-5.0)* 6.9 (3.6-10.3)* NS −4.2 −7.64 ; -0.76†
Beydoun (2010)[45] 1.6 (1.3-1.9) 1.7 (NS) 1.6 (NS) P = 0.8 0.1 −0.57 ; 0.77
Imai (2010)[46] NS 6.7 (NS) 9.5 (NS) NS −2.8 −4.12 ; -1.48†
Goulet (2010)[47] NS 1.4 (0.8-2.6) 1.6 (1.0-2.5) NS −0.2 −1.14 ; 0.74
Parish (2011)[48] NS 2.1 (1.3-3.3)* 2.6 (1.6-4.1)* NS −0.5 −1.72 ; 0.72
Desai (2011)[28] 0.9 (0.5-1.3) 0.1 (0.0-0.3) 1.8 (0.9-2.6) P < 0.001 −1.7 −2.61 ; -0.79†
Bozicevic (2011)[49] 6.2 (3.3-9.1) 7.3 (NS) 5.3 (NS) P = 0.491 2.0 −3.82 ; 7.82
Eggleston (2011)[50] 3.9 (2.8-5.0) 4.5 (2.4-6.5) 3.4 (2.2-4.6) OR 0.6; P = 0.16 1.1 −0.64 ; 2.84
Gravningen (2012)[51] 4.1 (3.3-5.3) 3.9 (2.3-6.0) 7.3 (5.3-9.7) NS −3.4 −6.17 ; -0.63†
Klovstad (2012)[52] 5.5 (4.5-6.8) 5.1 (3.8-6.8) 5.8 (4.5-6.8) NS −0.7 −3.01 ; 1.61
  1. *: Prevalences after weighting for the population distribution.
  2. †: statistically significant difference.
  3. NS: Data not stated.
  4. CI: 95% confidence interval.
  5. SE: Standard error.