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Table 3 Prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals of high-risk HPV infections, among Nigerian women

From: HIV associated high-risk HPV infection among Nigerian women

   Single high risk HPV Multiple high risk HPV
   PR (95% CI) p-value PR (95% CI) p-value
Model 1 HIV (Ref = HIV negative) 4.18 (2.06 - 8.49) <0.001 6.66 (1.50 - 29.64) 0.01
  Age 0.94 (0.90 - 0.98) 0.001 0.95 (0.89 - 1.01) 0.10
  Education 0.58 (0.32 - 1.04) 0.06 0.29 (0.12 - 0.70) 0.006
Model 2 HIV (Ref = HIV negative) 4.76 (2.28 - 9.93) <0.001 7.97 (1.80 - 35.29) 0.006
  Age 0.93 (0.89 - 0.97) 0.001 0.95 (0.89 - 1.01) 0.08
  No. of sexual partners 0.91 (0.65 - 1.28) 0.58 0.80 (0.48 - 1.34) 0.40
  Age at sexual initiation 0.94 (0.66 - 1.35) 0.74 0.71 (0.40 - 1.26) 0.23
Model 3 HIV (Ref = HIV negative) 4.38 (2.06 - 9.30) 0.001 5.93 (1.29 - 27.14) 0.02
  Age 0.93 (0.89 - 0.97) 0.001 0.95 (0.89 - 1.01) 0.11
  Education 0.64 (0.34 - 1.21) 0.17 0.31 (0.12 - 0.81) 0.02
  Marital status 1.03 (0.53 - 2.01) 0.93 1.82 (0.68 - 4.87) 0.23
  No. of sexual partners 0.93 (0.65 - 1.32) 0.68 0.78 (0.45 - 1.33) 0.36
  Age at sexual initiation 1.00 (0.69 - 1.45) 0.99 0.91 (0.50 - 1.64) 0.74