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Table 1 Characteristics and symptoms of HFMD patients according to different enterovirus genotypes

From: Enterovirus genotypes causing hand foot and mouth disease in Shanghai, China: a molecular epidemiological analysis

Characteristics EV71 CA6 CA10 CA12 CA16 Total
  (n = 185) (n = 24) (n = 26) (n = 7) (n = 20) (n = 290)
Age (M) 33.8 ± 20.3 26.4 ± 14.8 25.6 ± 12.2* 16.6 ± 7.8*/# 33.8 ± 8.5 31.6 ± 19.2
Male, n(%) 119 (64.3) 16 (66.7) 17 (65.4) 6 (85.7) 9 (45) 183 (63.1)
Hospital stay (d) 4.1 ± 2.4 2.9 ± 0.8* 2.9 ± 1.0* 3.4 ± 1.4 3.3 ± 1.4* 3.7 ± 1.5
Fever (>37°C), n(%) 175 (94.6) 20 (83.3)* 26 (100) 7 (100) 20 (100) 275 (94.8)
Vomiting, n(%) 72 (39.0) 6 (25) 0 (0)* 0 (0)* 5 (25) 98 (33.8)
Limb shaking, n(%) 41 (22.2) 1 (4.2)* 3 (11.5) 0 (0) 0 (0)* 47 (16.2)
Babinski’s sign, n(%) and/or Brudzinski’s sign, n(%) 5 (2.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (2.4)
Complication, n(%) 107 (57.8) 4 (16.7)* 7 (26.9)* 3 (42.9) 5 (25)* 142 (49.0)
  1. *: Compared with EV71 infection group, P < 0.05.
  2. #: CA12 infection group compared with CA16 infection group, P < 0.05.