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Table 3 Demographic data of patients with meningitis due to Enterovirus

From: Improving the diagnosis of meningitis due to enterovirus and herpes simplex virus I and II in a tertiary care hospital

   Phase 1 Phase 2 P value
   N = 35 % N = 71 %  
Gender Female 14 40 19 26.8 0.16
Male 21 60 52 73.2
Presence of any comorbidity   8 23.5 5 7 0.02
Headache   29 90.6 63 92.6 0.70
Nausea and vomiting   30 66.7 57 70.4 0.66
Fever > 37.7°C   26 81.3 50 73.5 0.39
Stiff neck   13 40.6 32 47.1 0.54
Predominant cellularity in 1st CSF sample Neutrophilic 10 28.6 29 40.8 0.21
Lymphomonocytic 25 71.4 42 59.2
Predominant cellularity in 2nd CSF sample Neutrophilic 0 0 0 0 ***
Lymphomonocytic 4 100 3 100
Use of antibacterials to treat meningitis   6 17.1 18 25.4 0.34
Underwent imaging exam (brain)   13 37.1 29 40.8 0.71
  Phase 1 Phase 2 P value
  Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years) 12.5 11.7 12.5 12.8 0.98
Length of hospital stay (days) 2.4 2.3 1.9 2.4 0.25
Time from symptom onset to admission 2.34 2.55 1.58 1.28 0.10
Leukocytes in 1st CSF sample (n/mm3) 254.9 262.5 184.5 208.5 0.13
Neutrophils in 1st CSF sample (%) 38.7 27.3 43.9 27.8 0.36
Lymphocytes in 1st CSF sample (%) 40.2 23.1 37.5 24.6 0.58
  1. ***testing not possible.