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Table 2 Association of oral yeast colonization with demographic and clinical features in 604 HIV-infected patients from Kunming, Yunnan Province of China

From: Asymptomatic oral yeast carriage and antifungal susceptibility profile of HIV-infected patients in Kunming, Yunnan Province of China

Parameter Colonized Non-colonized P-value
   n = 299 (%) n = 305 (%)  
Mean age (years) 38.0 ± 10.8 37.5 ± 9.2 0.837 a
Gender (female) 114 (38.1) 116 (38.0) 0.981b
Marriage Unmarried 79 (26.4) 79 (25.9) 0.703
  Married 202 (67.6) 200 (65.6)  
  Divorced 14 (4.7) 20 (6.6)  
  Widowhood 4 (1.3) 6 (2.0)  
Transmission Injecting drug user 83 (27.8) 77 (25.2) 0.605
  Heterosexual sex 131 (43.8) 142 (46.6)  
  Homo/bisexual male 8 (2.7) 14 (4.6)  
  Transfusion recipient 3 (1.0) 2 (0.7)  
  Blood and plasma donors 0 (0.0) 1 (0.3)  
  Unknown 74 (24.7) 69 (22.6)  
CD4 cells/mm3 <200 134 (44.8) 103 (33.8) 0.019
  200-500 141 (47.2) 176 (57.7)  
  >500 24 (8.0) 26 (8.5)  
HAART 229 (76.6) 273 (89.5) 0.00002
Antiretroviral regimen c 2NRTIs + 1NNRTI 219 (95.6) 262 (96.0) 0.851
  2NRTIs + 1PI 10 (4.4) 11 (4.0)  
  1. a Mann-Whithney test.
  2. b Chi-square test.
  3. c NRTIs, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors; NNRTI, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; PI, protease inhibitor.