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Table 3 Risk of death associated with spontaneous non- Haemophilus influenzae gram-negative bacillary meningitis adjusted for other clinical predictors

From: Spontaneous gram-negative bacillary meningitis in adult patients: characteristics and outcome

Risk factor Adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) p
Etiology   
Neisseria meningitidis 1.000 (reference)  
• Gram-negative bacilli 20.474 (4.034–103.929) < 0.001
Listeria monocytogenes 11.369 (2.174–59.441) 0.004
Streptococcus pneumoniae 5.896 (1.485–23.407) 0.012
• Other microorganisms 5.673 (1.096–39.379) 0.039
Age (≥ 65 years) 3.373 (1.462–7.780) 0.004
Positive blood culture 2.818 (1.079–7.359) 0.034
Inappropriate initial antibiotic therapy 13.184 (3.520–49.378) < 0.001
Shock 8.929 (3.037–26.258) < 0.001
Coagulation disorder 4.243 (1.149–15.666) 0.030
Acute renal failure 3.884 (1.440–10.473) 0.007
Neurological complications 19.441 (7.782–48.566) < 0.001
  1. Nagelkerke’s R2 of the adjusted model = 0.710.