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Table 3 Prevalence of enteroadherent E. coli (ECC) isolated from cases and controls detected by genotypic and phenotypic diagnostic tests

From: Genotypic and phenotypic analysis of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from Brazilian children living in low socioeconomic level communities

Pathotype Diagnostic test Cases Controls p value
   (n= 141) (n= 419  
ECC PCR 79 (56) 155 (36.9) 0.0001
DNA probe 64 (45.4) 142 (33.9) 0.0156
HEp-2 adhesion 78 (55.3) 174 (41.5) 0.0046
EAEC PCR 36 (25.5) 81 (19.3) 0.1210
DNA probe 27 (19.1) 72 (17.2) 0.6107
HEp-2 adhesion 40 (28.4) 105 (25) 0.4385
DAEC PCR 26 (18.4) 39 (9.3) 0.0057
DNA probe 21 (14.9) 36 (8.6) 0.0369
HEp-2 adhesion 35 (24.8) 69 (16.5) 0.0336
EPEC PCR (eae) 16 (11.3) 33 (8.3) 0.2280
PCR (bfpA) 1 (0.7) 2 (0.5) 1.0000
eae probe 15 (10.6) 32 (7.6) 0.2923
EAF probe 1 (10.6) 2 (0.5) 1.0000
  HEp-2 adhesion 1 (0.7) 2 (0.5) 1.0000