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Table 2 Estimated unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95 percent confident intervals for the risk of death obtained from the dynamic logistic regression model and based on 1478 individuals in the LCM group alive after the first year of follow-up

From: Dynamic logistic regression model and population attributable fraction to investigate the association between adherence, missed visits and mortality: a study of HIV-infected adults surviving the first year of ART

  Unadjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI P-value
Adherence history:      
poor at least once vs optimal 1.34 (0.81, 2.17) 1.30 (0.78, 2.10) 0.30
non-response at least once vs optimal 1.99 (1.01, 3.63) 1.98 (1.00, 3.62) 0.03
missing at least once vs optimal 3.26 (1.65, 5.96) 3.60 (1.80, 6.65) <0.001
Pre-ART WHO disease stage      
stage 2 1(ref)   1(ref)   0.8
stage 3 1.08 (0.61, 2.02) 1.02 (0.57, 1.91)  
stage 4 1.48 (0.76, 2.92) 1.19 (0.60, 2.41)  
Pre-ART CD4 cell count      
0-49 1.69 (0.88, 3.51) 1.43 (0.72, 3.07)  
50-99 1.27 (0.61, 2.77) 1.18 (0.55, 2.61)  
100-149 1.07 (0.49, 2.41) 1.01 (0.45, 2.29)  
150-199 1(ref)   1(ref)   0.6
Pre-ART Body mass index      
<20 1.35 (0.82, 2.18) 1.31 (0.79, 2.14)  
20-27 1(ref)   1(ref)   0.5
>27 1.37 (0.59, 2.79) 1.33 (0.57,2.77)  
Age at ART initiation groups      
18-35 1(ref)   1(ref)   0.9
35-50 0.84 (0.53, 1.35) 0.92 (0.57, 1.50)  
50+ 0.89 (0.31, 2.09) 1.03 (0.35, 2.48)  
Sex      
Female vs Male 1.23 (0.76, 2.04) 1.31 (0.79, 2.22) 0.3
Time since ART initiation in years      
≤2 1(ref)   1(ref)   0.06
2-3 0.37 (0.17, 0.73) 0.40 (0.18, 0.79)  
3-4 0.57 (0.30, 1.04) 0.60 (0.31, 1.10)  
4-5 0.49 (0.24, 0.93) 0.47 (0.23, 0.91)  
>5 0.76 (0.34, 1.54) 0.65 (0.29, 1.34)  
  1. Adherence history is given by 4 time-dependent indicators with “optimal” adherence as a reference class.