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Table 2 Independent risk factors for persistent Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia

From: Can a routine follow-up blood culture be justified in Klebsiella pneumoniaebacteremia? a retrospective case–control study

Variables Adjusted OR (95% CI) P
Intra-abdominal infection 2.99 (1.07-8.31) 0.036
Charlson’s CWI score (± SD) 1.18 (1.01-1.36) 0.032
ICU admission 1.98 (0.80-4.87) 0.139
Nosocomial infection 2.05 (0.81-5.21) 0.130
Immunosuppressive therapy ≤ 1 year 0.36 (0.02-8.90) 0.533
History of solid organ transplantation 92.23 (1.27-6689.96) 0.038
Invasive procedure ≤ 72 hours before initial BC 0.77 (0.27-2.19) 0.618
Unfavorable treatment response on the 2 nd day after initial BC 4.79 (1.89-12.14) 0.001
ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia 1.72 (0.63-4.69) 0.293
Inappropriate empirical antibiotic use 2.76 (0.93-8.23) 0.068
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; SD, standard deviation; CWI, comorbidity weighted index; ICU, intensive care unit; BC, blood culture; ESBL, extended-spectrum β -lactamase.