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Table 1 Demographical and epidemiological data of the 129 tuberculosis patients from Guadeloupe in function of their place of birth

From: Use of genotyping based clustering to quantify recent tuberculosis transmission in Guadeloupe during a seven years period: analysis of risk factors and access to health care

Parameters studied Total number (%) (n = 129) Foreign-born patients number (%) (n = 66) French patients number (%) (n = 63) p
Sex      
  male 77 (59.7) 35 (53.0) 42 (66.7) NS
  female 52 (40.3) 31 (47.0) 21 (33.3)  
  unknown 0 0 0  
Age group      
  0-14 years 1 (0.8) 1 (1.5) 0 (0) <0.001
  15-24 years 12 (9.3) 10 (15.2) 2 (3.2)  
  25-39 years 44 (34.1) 26 (39.4) 18 (28.6)  
  40-59 years 46 (35.7) 26 (39.4) 20 (31.7)  
  >60 years 26 (20.2) 3 (4.5) 23 (36.5)  
  unknown 0 0 0  
Employment a      
  no 65 (70.7) 37 (72.5) 28 (68.3) NS
  yes 27 (29.3) 14 (27.5) 13 (31.7)  
  unknown 37 15 22  
Positive HIV status      
  no 77 (75.7) 34 (61.8) 43 (91.5) <0.001
  yes 25 (24.5) 21 (38.2) 4 (8.5)  
  unknown 27 11 16  
Smoker      
  no 76 (80.0) 45 (83.3) 31 (75.6) NS
  yes 19 (20.0) 9 (16.7) 10 (24.4)  
  unknown 34 12 22  
Excessive alcohol user b      
  no 69 (71.9) 47 (85.5) 22 (53.7) <0.001
  yes 27 (28.1) 8 (14.5) 19 (46.3)  
  unknown 33 11 22  
Drug user      
  no 81 (87.1) 50 (96.2) 31 (75.6) <0.01
  yes 12 (12.9) 2 (3.8) 10 (24.4)  
  unknown 36 14 22  
Prior history of active TB      
  no 90 (87.4) 53 (93.0) 37 (80.4) NS
  yes 13 (12.6) 4 (7.0) 9 (19.6)  
  unknown 26 9 17  
Sputum AFB smear result      
  no 38 (29.5) 21 (31.8) 17 (27.0) NS
  yes 91 (70.5) 45 (68.2) 46 (73.0)  
  unknown 0 0 0  
Drug resistance      
  no 119 (92.2) 61 (92.4) 58 (92.1) NS
  yes 10 (7.8) 5 (7.6) 5 (7.9)  
  unknown 0 0 0  
Localization of TB c      
  pulmonary 114 (88.4) 54 (81.8) 60 (95.2) <0.02
  extrapulmonary 15 (11.6) 12 (18.2) 3 (4.8)  
  unknown 0 0 0  
Treatment outcome d      
  completed treatment / cured 63 (55.8) 37 (66.1) 26 (45.6) NS
  died before treatment completed 17 (15.0) 6 (10.7) 11 (19.3)  
  lost to follow up 33 (29.2) 13 (23.2) 20 (35.1)  
  unknown 16 10 6  
  1. a Employment: the “yes” includes patients who answered positively to the question “Do you currently have a regular professional activity?”
  2. b Excessive alcohol user: “yes” concerns patients drinking more than 4 glasses of alcoholic beverages per day.
  3. c Localization of TB: Pulmonary, patients without any extrapulmonary manifestation of TB; Extrapulmonary, patients with extrapulmonary or disseminated TB, as well as with combined manifestations of extrapulmonary and pulmonary TB.
  4. d Treatment outcome: “completed treatment” includes only cured patients.
  5. Abbreviations: NA Not Applicable, NS Non Significant (significance level below 0.05).