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Table 3 Pathogens identified by culture among 100 patients admitted with fever to a tertiary care hospital in South India

From: Fever in the tropics: aetiology and case-fatality - a prospective observational study in a tertiary care hospital in South India

Pathogen Blood Urine Bone marrow Sputum CSF Lymph node
  n = 21 n = 24 n = 1 n = 13 n = 2 n = 2
Gram negative       
  Escherichia coli 31 (14.3) 16 (66.7)     
  Klebsiella spp. 12 (4.8) 1 (4.2)     
  S. typhi/paratyphi 3 (14.3)   1 (100)    
  Pseudomonas spp.   1 (4.2)   2 (15.4)   
  Acinetobact. anitratus     1 (7.7)   
  Gram negative rods 1 (4.8) 1 (4.2)   2 (15.4)   
Gram positive       
  Staph. aureus 23 (9.5)      
  MRSA + Enterobact.     1 (7.7)   
  Enterococcus spp. 14 (4.8) 4 (16.7)     
  Strept. viridans 15 (4.8) -     
  Gram positive cocci   1 (4.2)     
  Other 86 (38.1)      
M. tuberculosis     6 (46.2)   2 (100)
Fungi       
  Cryptococci 1 (4.8)     1 (50.0)  
  Fungi not specified   2 (8.3)   12 (7.7) 12 (50.0)  
  1. Data are given as number of positive samples with percentages in parentheses. Each patient may have had more than one positive sample.
  2. Abbreviations: CSF cerebrospinal fluid, spp species, S. Salmonella, MRSA methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Strept. Streptococcus, Staph Staphylococcus, Enterobact. Enterobacteriaceae, M mycobacterium.
  3. 1Samples from three patients with urosepsis.
  4. 2Sepsis with undefined focus.
  5. 3Samples from two patients with endocarditis.
  6. 4Spleen abscess.
  7. 5Pulmonary infection and sepsis.
  8. 6Spores, 3; difteroides, 2; gram positive bacteria and difteroides, 1; micrococci, 1, staphylococcus spp, 1.