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Table 2 Clinical and laboratory features of bacterial meningitis patients with and without hydrocephalus

From: Hydrocephalus is a rare outcome in community-acquired bacterial meningitis in adults: a retrospective analysis

Characteristicsa Patients with hydrocephalus Scanned patients without hydrocephalus
  (n = 5) (n = 115)
Symptom duration (days) 3.5 2
Headache 3 66
Nausea 2 54
Confusion 4 114
GCS b   
   <9 1 19
   9-12 1 49
   >12 3 47
MAP (mm Hg) 104 N/A
ICP (mm Hg) -  
Heart rate (beats/min) 85 100
CRP (mg/L) 293 232
Cranial nerve paresis 2 22
Sensory / motor nerve deficit 0 11
Seizures before/during admission 0 14
CSF leukocytes (x10^ 6 /L) 2766 1702
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (%) 84 92
CSF erythrocytes (x10^ 6 /L) 115 140
CSF:blood glucose index 0.005 4
CSF protein (g/L) 5.9 455
Positive CSF culture 5 103
Positive blood culture 2 86
Antibiotics   
   Day 1 4 99
   Day 2 0 9
   After day 2 1 7c
Dexamethasone d 0 30
GOS e   
   Unfavourable outcome (GOS 1–4) 5 55
   Favourable outcome (GOS 5) 0 60
Length of stay (days) 17 (3–51) 19 (1–82)
  1. a Median values are used for continuous variables.
  2. b Not all patients had Glasgow Coma Scale score estimated in the records at admission but could be assessed to have a score <9, 9–12 or >12 based upon data review.
  3. c One patient never scanned was not given appropriate antibiotic therapy during admission for unclear reasons.
  4. d 10 mg of dexamethasone q.i.d. for four days initiated preferably before and not later than within one hour of administration of intravenous antibiotics.
  5. e Glasgow Outcome Scale: 1. Death, 2. Vegetative state, 3. Dependent upon others in daily life, 4. Sequelae, but independent life, 5. No or only minor sequelae.
  6. Abbreviations: CSF Cerebrospinal fluid, GCS Glasgow coma scale, GOS Glasgow outcome scale, ICP Intracranial pressure, MAP Mean arterial pressure, N/A Not available.