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Table 4 Healthcare resource utilization and charges observed during the pre-index and post-index periods by healthcare setting

From: The disease burden of pertussis in adults 50 years old and older in the United States: a retrospective study

  Both private practitioner and hospital patient mean (SE) Private practitioner only patient mean (SE) Hospital only patient mean (SE)
  Total 50-64 Years >65 Years Total 50-64 Years >65 Years Total 50-64 Years >65 Years
  (N = 385) (N = 242) (N = 143) (N = 5,490) (N = 3,523) (N = 1,967) (N = 643) (N = 402) (N = 241)
Panel A: Pre-Index Resource Utilization
Outpatient
Visits 2.1 (0.2) 2.4 (0.3) 1.6 (0.2) 1.6 (0.0) 2.7 (0.1) 1.7 (0.1) 0.2 (0.0) 0.2 (0.0) 0.3 (0.1)
Diagnostic imaging 0.3 (0.0) 0.4 (0.1) 0.3 (0.1) 0.3 (0.0) 0.3 (0.0) 0.3 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0)
Lab tests 0.3 (0.1) 0.3 (0.1) 0.2 (0.1) 0.3 (0.0) 0.3 (0.0) 0.3 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0)
Respiratory treatments 0.4 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) 0.2 (0.1) 0.3 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.2 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0)
Inpatient (including emergency department data)
Visits 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) na na na 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0)
Diagnostic imaging 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.1) na na na 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0)
Lab tests 0.1 (0.0) 0.1 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) na na na 0.1 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.1 (0.0)
Medications 9.8 (5.3) 10.5 (7.7) 8.7 (5.7) na na na 9.5 (3.3) 7.4 (4.7) 12.9 (4.4)
Systemic antibiotics 1.2 (0.8) 1.2 (1.1) 1.3 (1.2) na na na 0.9 (0.5) 0.7 (0.7) 1.1 (0.8)
Asthma 0.8 (0.4) 0.8 (0.5) 0.6 (0.6) na na na 0.7 (0.3) 0.6 (0.3) 0.8 (0.4)
All other medications 7.9 (4.3) 8.5 (6.1) 6.8 (4.9) na na na 8.0 (2.8) 6.1 (3.7) 11.0 (3.9)
Panel B: Pre-Index Charges, 2010 Dollars
Outpatient
Visits 420 (37.4) 470 (49.0) 331 (55.6) 225 (9.4) 214 (6.5) 244 (23.5) 228 (25.9) 226 (29.7) 230 (48.4)
Diagnostic imaging 50 (7.2) 55 (9.0) 43 (12.0) 35 (1.9) 38 (2.5) 30 (2.9) 38 (6.3) 37 (6.0) 39 (13.7)
Lab tests 15 (6.0) 19 (9.3) 9 (3.8) 12 (0.9) 13 (1.1) 10 (1.4) 4 (1.7) 5 (2.6) 2 (1.5)
Respiratory treatments 25 (4.7) 31 (6.8) 14 (5.2) 19 (1.2) 23 (1.7) 13 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
All other 371 (101.4) 434 (140.3) 263 (134.6) 76 (4.7) 76 (5.7) 78 (8.4) 345 (83.4) 312 (92.3) 399 (160.9)
All Outpatient Charges 932 (130.1) 1,080 (172.7) 683 (192.2) 497 (48.4) 496 (62.0) 499 (77.2) 892 (103.3) 907 (117.9) 868 (193.6)
Inpatient (including emergency department data)
Visits 284 (115.9) 296 (135.8) 265 (211.8) na na na 322 (81.6) 270 (87.0) 409 (162.5)
Diagnostic imaging 38 (15.8) 33 (15.6) 48 (33.5) na na na 38 (10.1) 33 (10.2) 48 (20.9)
Lab tests 12 (9.6) 18 (15.2) 2 (1.8) na na na 9 (5.8) 11 (9.1) 5 (2.7)
Medications 364 (214.3) 337 (271.9) 410 (349.5) na na na 0 (0.0) 229 (164.2) 409 (220.0)
Systemic antibiotics 160 (106.7) 118 (107.3) 231 (223.0) na na na 296 (131.6) 71 (64.6) 177 (135.1)
Asthma 27 (13.9) 30 (17.9) 22 (22.2) na na na 111 (64.7) 19 (10.8) 25 (14.5)
All other medications 177 (102.7) 189 (150.5) 157 (108.2) na na na 21 (8.7) 138 (91.5) 207 (80.0)
All other charges 691 (293.0) 722 (406.6) 639 (387.9) na na na 164 (64.5) 557 (248.5) 1,500 (502.3)
All Inpatient Charges 1,390 (635.5) 1,406 (836.0) 1,364 (966.1) na na na 1,576 (446.2) 1,099 (509.9) 2,372 (832.0)
All Inpatient and Outpatient Charges 2,323 (661.5) 2,485 (878.3) 2,048 (984.6) na na na 2,468 (469.9) 2,006 (540.6) 3,239 (870.1)
Panel C: Post-Index Resource Utilization
Outpatient
Visits 2.9 (0.2) 3.0 (0.3) 2.8 (0.3) 2.4 (0.0) 2.3 (0.1) 2.5 (0.1) 0.5 (0.1) 0.5 (0.1) 0.6 (0.1)
Diagnostic imaging 0.5 (0.1) 0.5 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) 0.4 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.2 (0.0) 0.2 (0.0) 0.2 (0.0)
Lab tests 0.6 (0.1) 0.6 (0.1) 0.5 (0.1) 0.6 (0.0) 0.7 (0.0) 0.5 (0.0) 0.3 (0.0) 0.3 (0.1) 0.3 (0.1)
Respiratory treatments 0.5 (0.1) 0.6 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) 0.5 (0.0) 0.5 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0)
Inpatient (including emergency department data)
Visits 0.3 (0.0) 0.3 (0.1) 0.3 (0.0) na na na 0.4 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 97 (0.0)
Diagnostic imaging 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.3) 0.4 (0.1) na na na 0.7 (0.1) 0.8 (0.2) 134 (0.1)
Lab tests 0.9 (0.2) 0.9 (0.3) 0.9 (0.3) na na na 1.0 (0.1) 0.9 (0.2) 261 (0.2)
Medications 59.9 (15.3) 72.5 (23.5) 38.5 (10.1) na na na 95.9 (24.7) 114.8 (38.9) 15,497 (10.9)
Systemic antibiotics 6.4 (2.9) 8.8 (4.6) 2.4 (0.7) na na na 6.1 (1.8) 7.3 (2.9) 981 (0.8)
Asthma 7.5 (2.4) 8.5 (3.7) 5.7 (1.8) na na na 6.6 (1.5) 6.5 (2.3) 1,593 (1.3)
All other medications 46.0 (11.2) 55.2 (17.1) 30.3 (7.2) na na na 83.2 (23.4) 100.9 (37.0) 12,923 (9.6)
Panel D: Post-Index Charges, 2010 Dollars
Outpatient
Visits 626 (45.9) 632 (59.0) 615 (72.8) 331 (7.5) 324 (8.8) 344 (13.5) 489 (45.5) 469 (44.5) 523 (95.7)
Diagnostic imaging 91 (13.8) 82 (15.3) 107 (26.8) 52 (2.5) 56 (3.3) 46 (3.6) 51 (6.6) 44 (6.4) 61 (13.7)
Lab tests 36 (5.3) 38 (6.6) 33 (8.9) 26 (1.4) 31 (2.1) 17 (1.4) 29 (4.9) 32 (6.6) 25 (7.2)
Respiratory treatments 39 (7.3) 48 (10.7) 25 (7.8) 32 (1.8) 37 (2.5) 23 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
All other 514 (112.5) 460 (113.5) 603 (233.2) 94 (50.0) 101 (6.8) 82 (6.8) 600 (101.7) 560 (102.1) 668 (210.2)
All Outpatient Charges 1,436 (167.0) 1,378 (181.1) 1,519 (329.7) 1,337 (195.9) 1,533 (299.3) 987 (106.7) 1,576 (146.0) 1,554 (146.2) 1,613 (304.2)
Inpatient (including emergency department data)
Visits 2,162 (413.2) 2,533 (624.7) 1,535 (343.3) na na na 2,460 (327.6) 2,427 (472.6) 2,516 (376.4)
Diagnostic imaging 157 (31.0) 184 (46.6) 111 (26.9) na na na 230 (44.9) 256 (68.8) 186 (33.9)
Lab tests 127 (32.4) 149 (49.1) 90 (26.6) na na na 140 (23.0) 145 (34.0) 133 (23.3)
Medications 2,106 (595.6) 2,917 (937.4) 734 (195.1) na na na 2,652 (615.5) 3,423 (972.8) 1,366 (233.6)
Systemic antibiotics 422 (139.2) 571 (218.7) 171 (54.6) na na na 530 (140.6) 646 (220.5) 338 (72.2)
Asthma 182 (52.3) 209 (78.2) 136 (48.3) na na na 155 (32.7) 160 (48.2) 147 (33.7)
All other medications 1,502 (443.9) 2,137 (699.6) 427 (125.5) na na na 1,967 (479.0) 2,617 (757.9) 881 (186.0)
All other charges 6,117 (1,752.1) 7,893 (2,745.5) 3,112 (773.4) na na na 7,560 (1,742.8) 9,167 (2,748.1) 4,881 (759.1)
All Inpatient Charges 10,669 (2,710.9) 13,675 (4,237.2) 5,582 (1,284.0) na na na 13,042 (2,627.6) 15,417 (4,122.6) 9,080 (1,342.5)
All Inpatient and Outpatient Charges 12,105 (2,732.5) 15,062 (4,265.6) 7,102 (1,349.0) na na na 14,618 (2,633.4) 16,971 (4,128.3) 10,693 (1,376.0)