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Table 1 The proportion of people living with HIV who tested TST-positive using a ≥5 mm and ≥10 mm cutoff size and the difference between these two proportions

From: The proportions of people living with HIV in low and middle-income countries who test tuberculin skin test positive using either a 5 mm or a 10 mm cut-off: a systematic review

Study Number of patients (n) Number of patients TST-positive using ≥5 mm cut-off (%) Number of patients TST-positive using ≥10 mm cut-off (%) Difference in proportion of patients testing TST-positive (%) P-value
Africa
Allen et al. [9] 284 73 (25.7) 60 (21.1) 4.6 0.1977
Aisu et al. [10] 1094 579 (52.9) 376 (34.4) 18.6 <0.0001
Duncan et al. [11] 106 35 (33.0) 32 (30.2) 2.8 0.6576
Fordham von Reyn et al. [12] 104 21 (20.2) 20 (19.2) 1.0 0.8616
Diagbouga et al. [13] 37 9 (24.3) 6 (16.2) 1.7 0.3857
Waddell et al. [14] 58 16 (27.6) 15 (25.9) 8.1 0.8338
Mtei et al. [15] 460 192 (41.7) 175 (38.0) 3.7 0.2524
Tegbaru et al. [16] 116 47 (40.5) 38 (32.8) 7.8 0.2201
Rangaka et al. [17] 67 35 (52.2) 33 (49.3) 3.0 0.7297
Karam et al. [18] 273 59 (21.6) 46 (16.8) 4.8 0.1581
Hanifa et al. [19] 33 18 (54.5) 14 (42.4) 12.1 0.3245
Leidl et al. [20] 89 42 (47.2) 35 (39.3) 7.9 0.2896
Oni et al. [21] 240 138 (57.5) 125 (52.1) 5.4 0.2332
Samandari et al. [22] 1919 468 (24.4) 383 (20.0) 4.4 0.0010
The Americas
Espinal et al. [23] 86 50 (58.1) 40 (46.5) 11.6 0.1269
Fordham von Reyn et al. [12] 121 3 (2.5) 2 (1.7) 0.8 0.6513
Garcia-Garcia et al. [24] 801 261 (32.6) 174 (21.7) 10.9 <0.0001
Miranda et al. [25] 98 16 (16.3) 12 (12.2) 4.6 0.4142
Balcells et al. [26] 109 12 (11.0) 7 (6.4) 4.1 0.2299
Gutierrez et al. [27] 104 20 (19.2) 13 (12.5) 6.7 0.184
Baboolal et al. [28] 64 6 (9.4) 0 9.4 0.0121
Moura et al. [29] 864 170 (19.7) 152 (17.6) 2.1 0.2661
Asia
Suwanagool et al. [30] 399 323 (81.0) 173 (43.4) 37.6 <0.0001
Yanai et al. [31] 217 46 (21.2) 32 (14.7) 6.5 0.0801
Yanai et al. [31] 129 21 (16.3) 15 (11.6) 4.7 0.281
Sawhney et al. [32] 396 103 (26.0) 62 (15.7) 10.4 0.0003
Gupta et al. [33] 752 157 (20.9) 137 (18.2) 2.7 0.1935
Swaminathan et al. [34] 631 269 (42.6) 227 (36.0) 6.7 0.0155
Davarpanah et al. [35] 173 64 (37.0) 23 (13.3) 23.7 <0.0001
Davarpanah et al. [36] 459 131 (28.5) 60 (13.1) 15.5 <0.0001
Jiang et al. [37] 46 27 (58.7) 17 (37.0) 21.7 0.0369
Zhang et al. [38] 93 3 (3.2) 3 (3.2) 0 1
Kabeer et al. [39] 180 33 (18.3) 27 (15.0) 3.3 0.3961
Nguyen et al. [40] 369 204 (55.3) 175 (47.4) 8.1 0.0274