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Table 4 Multivariate predictors of mortality among TB-HIV co-infected patients in Bahir Dar town, 2012

From: Predictors of mortality among TB-HIV Co-infected patients being treated for tuberculosis in Northwest Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Crude hazard ratio (95% CI) Adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI)
ART   
   Started 0.54 (0.36, 0.82) 0.35 (0.19, 0.64)*
   Not started 1 1
CPT prophylaxis   
   Prescribed 1 1
   Not prescribed 3.15 (1.95, 5.11) 3.03 (1.58, 5.79)*
Type of TB   
   Smear negative PTB 1 1
   Smear positive PTB 2.02 (1.07, 3.83) 2.11 (0.95, 4.65)
   Extra PTB 2.77 (1.61, 4.78) 2.39 (1.23, 4.66)*
CD4 count   
   < 75 2.08 (1.17, 3.30) 4.83 (1.98, 11.78)*
   75-150 1.50 (0.80, 2.82) 3.57 (1.48, 8.61)*
   150-250 1.24 (0.65, 2.37) 3.07 (1.33, 7.07)*
   > = 250 1 1
Functional status   
   Working 1 1
   Ambulatory 2.77 (1.71, 4.47) 2.10 (1.22, 3.62)*
   Bedridden 3.88 (2.15, 7.02) 2.11 (0.98, 4.53)
Health Institution   
   Health center 1 1
   Hospital 2.18 (1.43, 3.33) 2.64 (1.51, 4.62)*
Age(n = 408)   
   15-24 1 1
   25-34 1.15 (0.66, 2.01) 1.17 (0.60, 2.29)
   35-44 1.30 (0.66, 2.55) 0.98 (0.43, 2.23)
   > = 45 2.58 (1.34, 4.92) 2.20 (0.97, 4.59)
Educational status   
   Not educated 1 1
   Primary 0.45 (0.22, 0.90) 0.49 (0.22, 1.12)
   Secondary 1.10 (0.66, 1.81) 0.88 (0.49, 1.58)
   Tertiary 1.05 (0.54, 2.05) 0.65 (0.29, 1.47)
  1. *Significant at α = 0.05. ART status, health institution type, age, educational status, functional status, CD4 count, type of TB diagnosis, and CPT initiation were included in the model.