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Table 2 Healthcare infection control interventions evaluated by a modelling framework (1997–2011)

From: Modelling the transmission of healthcare associated infections: a systematic review

Pathogen Interventions studied First published References
MRSA Hand hygiene 1997 [1517, 28, 29, 33, 34, 37, 40, 4446]
  Antibiotic stewardship 1997 [16, 21]
  Isolation 1997 [14, 16, 26, 32, 35, 41, 42, 45]
  HCW cohorting 2002 [17, 29, 40, 44, 45]
  Screening 2005 [14, 23, 25, 32, 34, 39, 44, 45]
  Decolonisation 2009 [14, 25, 26, 33, 34, 40, 45, 46]
  Patient cohorting 2007 [40]
  Gown and glove use 2009 [32]
  Other 2006 [43]
VRE Hand hygiene 1998 [12, 21, 28, 47, 49, 51, 54, 55]
  Antibiotic stewardship 1999 [47, 51, 55]
  Isolation 2004 [12, 52]
  HCW cohorting 1998 [12, 49, 51, 54, 55]
  Screening 2004 [47, 52]
  Decolonisation 2007 [50]
  Patient cohorting 2008 [47]
  Environmental cleaning 2008 [47]
C. difficile Other 2009 [59]
ARB Hand hygiene 1997 [82]
  Antibiotic stewardship 1997 [67, 78, 8388]
  Barrier precautions (i.e. not specified) 2000 [85]
HCAI in general Hand hygiene 1999 [89, 90]
  Isolation 2005 [77, 91]
  HCW cohorting 2006 [77, 90]
  Screening 1999 [89]
  Vaccination 2008 [77]
  Barrier precautions (i.e. not specified) 2007 [79]
  Patient cohorting 2005 [91, 92]
  Environmental cleaning 2007 [92]
  Antibiotic prophylaxis 2007 [79]
  Antibiotic stewardship 2008 [93]
  HCW cohorting 2005 [91]
HIV Sterilization of medical appliances 1999 [94]
Influenza or ILI Vaccination 2008 [9597]
  Prophylaxis 2009 [98]
  Other 2008 [99, 100]
Pertussis Vaccination 2009 [72, 101]
Rotavirus Hand hygiene 2011 [81]
  HCW cohorting 2011 [81]
  Vaccination 2011 [81]
SARS Isolation 2007 [102]
  Barrier precautions (i.e. not specified) 2005 [74]
TB Isolation 2007 [75]
  HIV treatment 2007 [75]
  Air ventilation 2007 [75]
  Facial mask 2007 [75]