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Table 1 Principal characteristics and HIV risk behavior among participants

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIV among first time attenders of voluntary counseling and testing services in Italy

  N %
Gender   
Male 165 67.6
Female 79 32.4
Age group (years) 33.6 ± 11.4 (17–69)*
<25 64 26.2
25-29 51 20.9
30-34 29 11.9
35-39 30 12.3
40-44 22 9
≥45 48 19.7
Marital status  
Married 169 69.3
Single/separated/divorced/widowed 75 30.7
Number of other persons in the household  
0 51 20.9
1 18 7.4
2 53 21.7
3 55 22.5
>3 67 27.5
Highest educational level  
No formal education/Elementary school 13 5.3
Middle school 49 20.1
High school 128 52.5
Baccalaureate degree/Graduate degree 54 22.1
Employment status  
Employed 139 57
Unemployed 105 43
Number of child  
0 161 66
1 31 12.7
2 35 14.3
≥3 17 7
Perception of personal health status 7.2 ± 1.9 (1–10)*
At least one member in the household/close friends having history of HIV/AIDS   
No 148 60.7
Yes 96 39.3
At least one familiar/friend who have accessed to VCT   
No 183 75
Yes 61 25
Number of sexual partners in the last year   
0 31 12.7
1 71 29.1
2 42 17.2
≥3 100 41
Condom use in the last year + a   
Never 77 36.5
Rarely 33 15.6
Sometime 36 17.1
Often 39 18.5
Always 26 12.3
Injecting drug use in the last year   
No 209 85.7
Yes 35 14.3
Shared needles ++   
No 18 51.4
Yes 17 48.6
  1. *Mean±Standard deviation (Range).
  2. +Only for those who had sexual intercourse in the last year (213).
  3. ++Only for those who had inject drug in the last year (35).
  4. aThe number of participants responding to this question is 211.