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Table 2 Predictors of CD4 reconstitution identified by the random-intercept linear mixed model (N=774), Savannakhet, Lao PDR, 2003–2009

From: Women experience a better long-term immune recovery and a better survival on HAART in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Predictors Coefficient 95% CI
Time since HAART initiation (year) a   
Linear trend 25.15 (18.36; 31.93)*
Quadratic trend −15.36 (−18.01; −12.71)*
Cubic trend 6.48 (5.04; 7.92)*
Gender b   
Intercept 38.54 (23.70; 53.38)*
Slope deviation 14.82 (9.52; 20.12)*
CD4 at HAART initiation c   
Intercept   
50–199 cells/μL 82.35 (66.74; 97.95)*
≥ 200 cells/μL 194.42 (169.29; 219.55)*
Slope deviation   
50–199 cells/μL −11.64 (−17.12; −6.15)*
≥ 200 cells/μL −20.10 (−29.45; −10.74)*
  1. * P < 0.001.
  2. a Time was centered at 2.5 years on HAART.
  3. b Reference group: men.
  4. c Reference group: CD4 at HAART initiation < 50 cells/μL.