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Table 5 Associations between patient characteristics and infection with any parasite from a study of intestinal parasites in children aged in urban poor, Nairobi, 2010-2011

From: Intestinal parasitic infections in children presenting with diarrhoea in outpatient and inpatient settings in an informal settlement of Nairobi, Kenya

Patient characteristics Any parasite (%)   Crude Adjusted
    OR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Total 541/2112(25.6) - - - - - -
Gender  
Male (ref) 298/1116(26.7) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Female 243/996(24.4) 0.89 0.73,1.08 0.226   0.86 070,1.06 0.169
Age group1         
0 to 12 months (ref) 141/758(18.6) 1.0 - -   1.0 - -
13 to 24 months 147/528(27.8) 1.69 1.29,2.20 0.001*   1.72 1.30,2.29 <0.001*
25 to 36 months 122/408(29.9) 1.87 1.41,2.47 <0.001*   2.01 1.46,2.76 <0.001*
37 to 48 months 84/241(34.9) 2.34 1.70,3.23 <0.001*   2.53 1.77,3.64 <0.001*
49 to 60 months 45/148(30.4) 1.91 1.29,2.84 0.001*   1.85 1.20,2.85 0.005*
HIV status2         
Negative (ref) 398/1598(24.9) 1.0 - -   1.0 - -
Positive 111/302(36.8) 1.75 1.35,2.27 <0.001*   2.04 1.55,2.67 <0.001*
Patient type         
Outpatients (ref) 432/1577(27.4) 1.0     1.0   
Inpatients 109/535(20.4) 0.68 0.53,0.86 0.001*   0.78 0.59,1.03 0.084
Seasonality Dry Season (ref) Wet season 0    - -     
   1.0 1.19 - - 0.97, 1.46 - - 0.087   1.0 1.35 - 1.09,1.68 - 0.007*
  1. KEY: *significant, missing values 1 = 29; 2 = 212.