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Table 4 Associations between patient characteristics and parasitic infection for children aged 5 years and below with diarrhoea in a study of intestinal parasites in urban poor, Nairobi, January 2010 to December 2011

From: Intestinal parasitic infections in children presenting with diarrhoea in outpatient and inpatient settings in an informal settlement of Nairobi, Kenya

Patient characteristics Giardia lamblia (%) Crude Adjusted
    OR 95%CI p-value AOR 95%CI p-value
Total 98/2112(4.6) - - - - - -
Gender
Male (ref) 56/1116(5) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Female 42/996(4.2) 0.83 0.55,1.26 0.383 0.74 0.48,1.16 0.193
Age group1
0 to 12 months (ref) 10/758(1.3) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
13 to 24 months 23/528(4.4) 3.41 1.61,7.22 0.001* 2.36 1.07,5.14 0.031*
25 to 36 months 26/408(6.4) 5.10 2.43,10.67 <0.001* 3.26 1.49,7.13 0.003*
37 to 48 months 26/241(10.8) 9.05 4.30,19.05 <0.001* 5.86 2.67,12.89 <0.001*
49 to 60 months 13/148(8.8) 7.20 3.10,16.76 <0.001* 3.95 1.59, 9.78 0.003*
HIV status2
Negative (ref) 78/1598(4.9) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Positive 12/302(4) 0.81 0.43,1.50 0.497 1.02 0.54,1.93 0.946
Patient type
Outpatients (ref) 91/1577(5.8) 1.0    1.0   
Inpatients 7/535(1.3) 0.22 0.10,0.47 <0.001* 0.41 0.17,1.00 0.049*
Seasonality - -
Dry Season (ref)   1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Wet seas 0   0.60 0.40,0.91 <0.015 0.79 0.51,1.21 -0.280
  1. KEY: *significant, missing values 1 = 29; 2 = 212.
  2. Infection with Giardia lamblia.