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Table 3 Associations between patient characteristics and parasitic infection for children aged 5 years and below with diarrhoea in a study of intestinal parasites in urban poor, Nairobi, January 2010 to December 2011

From: Intestinal parasitic infections in children presenting with diarrhoea in outpatient and inpatient settings in an informal settlement of Nairobi, Kenya

Patient characteristics Cryptosporidium spp. (%) Crude Adjusted
    OR 95%CI p-value AOR 95%CI p-value
Total 187/2112(8.9) - - - - - -
Gender
Male (ref) 99/1116(8.9) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Female 88/996(8.8) 0.99 0.74,1.34 0.977 1.03 0.75,1.42 0.864
Age group1
0 to 12 months (ref) 76/758(10) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
13 to 24 months 75/528(14.2) 1.49 1.06,2.09 0.023* 1.90 1.31,2.75 0.001*
25 to 36 months 23/408(5.6) 0.54 0.33,0.87 0.011* 0.89 0.52,1.52 0.681
37 to 48 months 6/241(2.5) 0.23 0.98,0.53 0.001* 0.39 0.16,0.93 0.034*
49 to 60 months 6/148(4.1) 0.38 0.16,0.89 0.025* 0.59 0.24,1.40 0.245
HIV status2
Negative (ref) 117/1598(7.3) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Positive 59/302(19.5) 3.07 2.19,4.32 <0.001* 2.96 2.07,4.21 <0.001*
Patient type
Outpatients (ref) 105/1577(6.7) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Inpatients 82/535(15.3) 2.54 1.87,3.45 <0.001* 1.91 1.33,2.73 <0.001*
Seasonality - -
Dry Season (ref)   1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Wet season 0   1.72 1.23,2.41 <0.001* 1.45 1.01,2.09 0.042*
  1. KEY: *significant, missing values 1 = 29; 2 = 212.
  2. Infection with Cryptosporidium spp.