Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics by patient type, ( inpatient or outpatient) , for children with diarrhoea aged 5 years and below, recruited to a study of intestinal parasites in urban poor, Nairobi, between January 2010 and December 2011

From: Intestinal parasitic infections in children presenting with diarrhoea in outpatient and inpatient settings in an informal settlement of Nairobi, Kenya

Patient characteristics Total (%) Out-patient (%) In-patient (%) p-value
Total 2112 100 1577 100 535 100 -
Sex
Male 1116 52.8 813 (51.6) 303 (56.6) 0.045
Female 996 47.2 764 (48.4) 232 (43.4)  
Age group1
0 to 12 months 758 36.4 402 (26.0) 356 (66.5) <0.001*
13 to 24 months 528 25.3 387 (25.0) 141 (26.4) 0.564
25 to 36 months 408 19.6 377 (24.4) 31 (5.8) <0.001*
37 to 48 months 241 11.6 237 (15.3) 4 (0.7) <0.001*
49 to 60 months 148 7.1 145 (9.4) 3 (0.6) <0.001*
Parasites infection
E. Hystolytica 225 10.7 218 (13.8) 7 (1.3) <0.001*
Cryptosporidium spp. 187 8.9 105 (6.7) 82 (15.3) <0.001*
G. lamblia 98 4.6 91 (5.8) 7 (1.3) <0.001*
I. belli 35 1.7 19 (1.2) 16 (3) 0.009*
A. lumbricoides 26 1.2 26 (1.6) 0 (0) 0.001*
H. nana 12 0.6 12 (0.8) 0 (0) 0.045*
C. mesnili 7 0.3 7 (0.4) 0 (0) 0.202
E. coli 6 0.3 6 (0.4) 0 (0) 0.347
H. diminuta 4 0.2 4 (0.3) 0 (0) 0.578
T. trichiura 3 0.1 3 (0.2) 0 (0) 0.576
Taenia spp. 3 0.1 3 (0.2) 0 (0) 0.576
Hookworms 2 0.1 2 (0.1) 0 (0) 1.000
Cyclospora 2 0.1 1 (0.1) 1 (0.2) 0.443
E. vermicularis 2 0.1 2 (0.1) 0 (0) 1.000
S. mansoni 1 0 1 (0.1) 0 (0) 1.000
Infected with any parasite
Yes 541 (25.6) 432 (27.4) 109 (20.4)  
No 1571 (74.4) 1145 (72.6) 426 (79.6) 0.001*
HIV Status2
Negative 1598 84.1 1226 (85.4) 372 (80.2) 0.009*
Positive 302 15.9 210 (14.6) 92 (19.8)  
  1. KEY: *significant, missing values 1 = 29; 2 = 212.