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Table 5 Multivariate associations of the levels of adherence to ART among study participants in Tigray regional state, northern Ethiopia, 2012

From: Effect of nutritional factors on adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected adults: a case control study in Northern Ethiopia

Characteristics of study participants Status of adherence to ART COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
  Nonadherent\ to ART Number (%) Adherent to ART Number (%)   
Mean BMI of latest four visits (Kg/m 2 )     
  <18.5 74(42.5) 14(8) 7.7(3.8 – 15.4) 10.0(4.3 – 54.7)
  ≥18.5 100(57.5) 160(92) r r
Unable to get enough and/or quality food     
  Yes 119(68.4) 80(46) 2.6(1.6 – 4.2) 2.1(1.1 – 11.5)
  No 55(31.6) 94(54) r r
Consumption pattern of last 24 hours     
  Three meals & above 124(71.3) 163(93.7) r r
  Less than three meals 50(28.7) 11(6.3) 8.8(3.5 – 22.2) 10.9(1.3 – 81.4)
Mean CD 4 count of latest four visits (cells/mm 3 )     
  <350 118(67.8) 25(15.5) 8.6(4.7 – 15.6) 18.3(6.7 – 102.7)
  ≥350 56(32.2) 147(84.5) r r
Appétit in last 7 days     
  Good 89(51.1) 135(77.6) r r
  Poor 85(48.9) 39(22.4) 3.6(2.1 – 6.0) 2.0(0.7 – 6.0)
I could not afford to eat balanced meals     
  Yes 160(92) 136(78.1) 2.7(1.5 – 5.0) 2.0(0.5 – 11.9)
  No 14(8) 38(21.9) r r
Education     
  No education 31(17.8) 37(21.3) 4.5(2.0 – 10.3) 5.6(0.7 – 42.9)
  Elementary (1 - 8) 94(54) 58(33.3) 2.3(1.0 – 5.6) 1.9(0.2 – 14.9)
  Secondary (9 - 12) 38(21.8) 49(28.2) 2.6(1.1 – 6.2) 0.6(0.1 – 4.2)
  12+ 11(6.4) 30(17.2) r r
Average Monthly income (Ethio. Birr)     
  • no income 25(14.4) 26(14.9) 2.6(1.4 – 4.6) 1.4(0.4 – 5.9)
  • ≤ 500 94(54) 65(37.4) 1.3(0.6 – 2.6) 1.0(0.2 – 6.6)
  • 501-999 24(13.8) 31(17.8) 1.7(0.8 – 3.6) 3.0(0.6 – 19.1)
  • ≥ 1000 31(17.8) 52(29.9) r r
Distance to hospital (Km)     
  ≤10 112(64.4) 130(74.7) r r
  >10 62(35.6) 44(25.3) 1.6(1.0 – 2.6) 1.9(0.8 – 10.3)
  1. N.B:- BMI, Body Mass Index; CD 4 , Cluster of Differentiation 4.
  2. r:- reference.