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Table 3 Psychosocial and health service related factors among study participants comparing adherent and non-adherent using a Chi-Square test in Tigray regional state, northern Ethiopia, 2012

From: Effect of nutritional factors on adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected adults: a case control study in Northern Ethiopia

Characteristics of study participants Status of adherence to ART P-value
  Non-adherent to ART Number (%) Adherent to ART Number (%)  
Current cigarette smoking (within 30 days)    0.431
Yes 16(9.2) 12(6.9)  
No 158(90.8) 162(93.1)  
Ever cigarette smoking after starting ART    0.855
Yes 16(9.2) 17(9.8)  
No 158(90.8) 157(90.2)  
Ever khat chewing after starting ART    0.149
Yes 21(12.1) 13(7.5)  
No 153(87.9) 161(92.5)  
Disclosure of ART use    0.659
Yes 148(85.1) 145(83.3)  
No 26(14.9) 29(16.7)  
Family support for ART use    0.411
Yes 117(75.5) 116(79.5)  
No 38(24.5) 30(20.5)  
Satisfaction by ART benefit    0.251
Yes 113(64.9) 123(70.7)  
No 61(35.1) 51(29.3)  
PHQ-9 score for depression (points)    0.000
0 – 4 53(30.5) 115(66.1)  
5 – 9 72(41.4) 50(28.7)  
10 – 14 28(16.1) 8(4.6)  
15 – 27 21(12) 1(0.6)  
Functional status in last 3 months    0.006
Working actively 152(87.3) 168(96.6)  
Ambulatory 22(12.7) 6(3.4)