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Table 2 Symptoms associated with meningitis at the inclusion

From: Significant sequelae after bacterial meningitis in Niger: a cohort study

Symptoms Exposed Non exposed OR 95% CI p
  n = 83 % n = 79 % Crude Lower Upper  
Headaches 79 59.5 79 29.1 3.6 1.8 7.1 0.0002
Insomnia 80 58.8 79 22.8 4.8 2.3 10.2 <0.0001
Convulsions before admission 80 83.8 78 5.1 90.9 27.8 400 <0.0001
Asthenia 79 78.5 79 38.0 5.9 2.8 12.8 <0.0001
Sensation to pain and to touch perturbed 80 13.8 78 0 NC 2.7 NC 0.0007
At least one troubled reflex 80 62.5 78 15.4 9.0 4.1 21.3 <0.0001
Walking or tonus impaired 80 78.8 79 5.1 66.7 20.8 286 <0.0001
Odor of soumbala non recognised 77 45.4 77 22.1 2.9 1.4 6.3 0.004
Masseter motility impaired 80 21.3 78 0 NC 4.8 NC <0.0001
Facial motility impaired 80 17.5 77 3.9 5.2 1.4 29.4 0.009
Trouble in the voice 80 32.5 76 1.3 35.7 5.5 1493 <0.0001
Vertigo 79 55.7 79 15.2 6.9 3.1 16.4 <0.0001
Hearing loss type 76   79      0.0002
- No 27 35.5 53 67.1 1    
- Air conduction altered 12 15.8 11 13.9 2.14 0.8 6.1 0.14
- Bone conduction altered or mixed 37 48.7 15 19.0 4.84 2.1 11.2 <0.0001
Hearing loss level 78   79      <0.0001
- No 27 34.6 53 67.1 1    
- Mild 20 25.65 15 19.0 2.62 1.1 6.4 0.024
- Moderate 11 14.1 8 10.1 2.70 0.9 8.7 0.067
- Serious 20 25.65 3 3.8 13.1 3.4 72.9 <0.0001
Urgent miction 80 31.3 78 14.1 2.78 1.2 6.8 0.01
Trouble in defecation 80 43.8 78 14.1 4.8 2.1 11.4 <0.0001
  1. These were constipation, faecal incontinence, faecal emergencies, and no control of the anal sphincter.