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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of LTCF residents with MRSA acquisition in LTCFs and hospitals

From: Transmission of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in the long term care facilities in Hong Kong

  MRSA acquisition in LTCFs (n = 65) MRSA acquisition in hospitals (n = 21) p value
Age (mean ± SD) 85.1 ± 10.2 84.2 ± 10.8 0.744
Sex (male) 24 (36.9%) 8 (38.1%) 0.923
Underlying diseases    
  Chronic cerebral conditions a 29 (44.6%) 7 (33.3%) 0.362
  Chronic cardiac conditions b 8 (12.3%) 6 (28.6%) 0.079
  Chronic pulmonary conditions c 7 (10.8%) 3 (14.3%) 0.662
  Chronic renal failure 2 (3.1%) 2 (9.5%) 0.223
  Liver cirrhosis 0 0 NA
  Diabetes mellitus 11 (16.9%) 5 (23.8%) 0.481
  Malignancy 4 (6.2%) 1 (4.8%) 0.813
Presence of    
  Nasogastric tube 23 (35.4%) 7 (33.3%) 0.864
  Urinary catheter 15 (23.1%) 3 (14.3%) 0.389
  Tenckhoff catheter 0 0 NA
  Wound or ulcer 1 (1.5%) 2 (9.5%) 0.083
Antibiotics therapy within 3 months of MRSA screening    
  Penicillin group 11 (16.9%) 6 (28.6%) 0.244
  β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors 23 (35.4%) 8 (38.1%) 0.822
  Cephalosporin group 7 (10.8%) 3 (14.3%) 0.662
  Carbapenem group 0 1 (4.8%) 0.077
  Fluoroquinolones 2 (3.1%) 2 (9.5%) 0.223
  1. LTCFs, residential care homes for elderly; MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; NA, not applicable; a chronic cerebral conditions included cerebrovascular accident, dementia, and Parkinson disease; b chronic cardiac conditions included ischemic heart disease and congestive heart failure; c chronic pulmonary conditions included chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma.